The incidence and types of rhythm and conduction disturbances in 11 male and 6 female patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and no other intrinsic complicating anomalies were studied. Patient age ranged from 5 to 54 years; follow-up ranged from 5 to 37 years. Surface electrocardiograms were recorded in each patient; 15 also underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring and 10 underwent electrophysiologic study. The conduction system of a 54-year-old woman who died suddenly, with complete atrioventricular (AV) block since age 30 years, was studied by serial histologic sections. Fifteen patients were asymptomatic and 2 reported repeated episodes of palpitation since childhood. Ten patients presented with a normal PR interval and 2 with first-degree AV block (12%). Five patients had complete AV block (29%), but none had had it at birth; first- and second-degree AV block preceded complete AV block in 2 patients. The morphologic pattern and duration of QRS suggested a junctional rhythm in 4 patients and an idioventricular pacemaker in 1 patient. Electrophysiologic studies confirmed that the complete AV block site was supra-Hisian in 2 patients and proximal to the His bundle bifurcation in 1 patient. However, histologic investigation disclosed fibrosis and disruption of the proximal nonbifurcating His bundle in the patient who died suddenly. In 2 patients with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia, electrophysiologic studies suggested reentry through James fibers (or dual AV nodal pathway) in 1 and the presence of a left lateral accessory AV pathway in the other. Holter monitoring showed a high incidence of ventricular arrhythmias.

Rhythm and conduction disturbances in isolated, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries.

DALIENTO, LUCIANO;CORRADO, DOMENICO;BUJA, GIANFRANCO;NAVA, ANDREA;THIENE, GAETANO
1986

Abstract

The incidence and types of rhythm and conduction disturbances in 11 male and 6 female patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and no other intrinsic complicating anomalies were studied. Patient age ranged from 5 to 54 years; follow-up ranged from 5 to 37 years. Surface electrocardiograms were recorded in each patient; 15 also underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring and 10 underwent electrophysiologic study. The conduction system of a 54-year-old woman who died suddenly, with complete atrioventricular (AV) block since age 30 years, was studied by serial histologic sections. Fifteen patients were asymptomatic and 2 reported repeated episodes of palpitation since childhood. Ten patients presented with a normal PR interval and 2 with first-degree AV block (12%). Five patients had complete AV block (29%), but none had had it at birth; first- and second-degree AV block preceded complete AV block in 2 patients. The morphologic pattern and duration of QRS suggested a junctional rhythm in 4 patients and an idioventricular pacemaker in 1 patient. Electrophysiologic studies confirmed that the complete AV block site was supra-Hisian in 2 patients and proximal to the His bundle bifurcation in 1 patient. However, histologic investigation disclosed fibrosis and disruption of the proximal nonbifurcating His bundle in the patient who died suddenly. In 2 patients with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia, electrophysiologic studies suggested reentry through James fibers (or dual AV nodal pathway) in 1 and the presence of a left lateral accessory AV pathway in the other. Holter monitoring showed a high incidence of ventricular arrhythmias.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2515687
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 73
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 42
social impact