Silver (Ag) ions have well-known antimicrobial properties, and have been applied as nanostrategies in many medical and surgical fields, including dentistry. The use of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) may be an option for reducing bacterial adhesion to dental implant surfaces and preventing biofilm formation, containing the risk of peri-implant infections. Modifying the structure or surface of bone grafts and membranes with Ag NPs may also prevent the risk of contamination and infection, that are common when alveolar bone augmentation techniques are used. On the other hand, Ag NPs have revealed some toxic effects on cells in vitro and in vivo in animal studies. In this setting, the aim of the present review is to summarize the principle behind Ag NP-based devices and their clinical applications in alveolar bone and dental implant surgery

Silver nanoparticles in alveolar bone surgery devices

SIVOLELLA, STEFANO;STELLINI, EDOARDO;Brunello G.;GARDIN, CHIARA;FERRONI, LETIZIA;BRESSAN, ERIBERTO;ZAVAN, BARBARA
2012

Abstract

Silver (Ag) ions have well-known antimicrobial properties, and have been applied as nanostrategies in many medical and surgical fields, including dentistry. The use of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) may be an option for reducing bacterial adhesion to dental implant surfaces and preventing biofilm formation, containing the risk of peri-implant infections. Modifying the structure or surface of bone grafts and membranes with Ag NPs may also prevent the risk of contamination and infection, that are common when alveolar bone augmentation techniques are used. On the other hand, Ag NPs have revealed some toxic effects on cells in vitro and in vivo in animal studies. In this setting, the aim of the present review is to summarize the principle behind Ag NP-based devices and their clinical applications in alveolar bone and dental implant surgery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2523585
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