Background: Mammalian GPx7 is a monomeric glutathione peroxidase of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), containing a Cys redox center (CysGPx). Although containing a peroxidatic Cys (CP) it lacks the resolving 26 Cys (CR), that confers fast reactivity with thioredoxin (Trx) or related proteins to most other CysGPxs. Methods:Reducing substrate specificity and mechanism were addressed by steady-statekineticanalysis of wild type or mutated mouse GPx7. The enzymes were heterologously expressed as a synuclein fusion to overcome limited expression. Phospholipid hydroperoxide was the oxidizing substrate. Enzyme–substrate and protein– protein interaction were analyzed by molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance analysis. Results: Oxidation of the CP is fast (k+ 1 > 103 M− 1 s− 1), however the rate of reduction by GSH is slow (k′+ 2 = 32 12.6 M−1 s−1) even though molecular docking indicates a strong GSH–GPx7 interaction. Instead, the oxidized CP can be reduced at a fast rate by human protein disulfide isomerase (HsPDI) (k+ 1 > 103 M− 1 s− 1), but not by Trx. By surface plasmon resonance analysis, a KD = 5.2 μM was calculated for PDI–GPx7 complex. Participation of an alternative non-canonical CR in the peroxidatic reaction was ruled out. Specific activity measurements in the presence of physiological reducing substrate concentration, suggest substrate competition in vivo. Conclusions: GPx7 is an unusual CysGPx catalyzing the peroxidatic cycle by a one Cys mechanism in which GSH and PDI are alternative substrates. General significance: In the ER, the emerging physiological role of GPx7 is oxidation of PDI, modulated by the amount of GSH 

Protein disulfide isomerase and glutathione are alternative substrates in the one Cys catalytic cycle of glutathione peroxidase 7

BOSELLO TRAVAIN, VALENTINA;COZZA, GIORGIO;NEGRO, ALESSANDRO;QUARTESAN, SILVIA;ROSSETTO, MONICA;ROVERI, ANTONELLA;TOPPO, STEFANO;URSINI, FULVIO;ZACCARIN, MATTIA;MAIORINO, MATILDE
2013

Abstract

Background: Mammalian GPx7 is a monomeric glutathione peroxidase of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), containing a Cys redox center (CysGPx). Although containing a peroxidatic Cys (CP) it lacks the resolving 26 Cys (CR), that confers fast reactivity with thioredoxin (Trx) or related proteins to most other CysGPxs. Methods:Reducing substrate specificity and mechanism were addressed by steady-statekineticanalysis of wild type or mutated mouse GPx7. The enzymes were heterologously expressed as a synuclein fusion to overcome limited expression. Phospholipid hydroperoxide was the oxidizing substrate. Enzyme–substrate and protein– protein interaction were analyzed by molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance analysis. Results: Oxidation of the CP is fast (k+ 1 > 103 M− 1 s− 1), however the rate of reduction by GSH is slow (k′+ 2 = 32 12.6 M−1 s−1) even though molecular docking indicates a strong GSH–GPx7 interaction. Instead, the oxidized CP can be reduced at a fast rate by human protein disulfide isomerase (HsPDI) (k+ 1 > 103 M− 1 s− 1), but not by Trx. By surface plasmon resonance analysis, a KD = 5.2 μM was calculated for PDI–GPx7 complex. Participation of an alternative non-canonical CR in the peroxidatic reaction was ruled out. Specific activity measurements in the presence of physiological reducing substrate concentration, suggest substrate competition in vivo. Conclusions: GPx7 is an unusual CysGPx catalyzing the peroxidatic cycle by a one Cys mechanism in which GSH and PDI are alternative substrates. General significance: In the ER, the emerging physiological role of GPx7 is oxidation of PDI, modulated by the amount of GSH 
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2572490
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