The development of ascites in patients with cirrhosis is associated with a high rate of health care utilization. New models of specialized caregiving support are necessary to optimize its management. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and financial sustainability of the "Care management check-up" as a new model of specialized caregiving support based on a series of diagnostic facilities performed in real time and on the integrated activity of consultant hepatologists at the hospital unit for outpatients, dedicated nurses, physicians in training and primary physicians, compared to standard care in outpatients with cirrhosis and ascites. METHODS: 100 cirrhotic patients admitted to our hospital were allocated, after discharge, to the "Care management check-up" group (group 1), or to the "Standard outpatient care" group (group 2), and followed prospectively as outpatients up to death or for at least 12months. Patients of the two groups could also access to a "Day hospital" when an invasive procedure was required. In group 1, the "Care management check-up" and the "Day hospital" taken together defined the "Care management program". RESULTS: Twelve-month mortality was higher in group 2 than in group 1 (45.7% vs. 23.1%, p<0.025). The rate of 30-day readmission was also higher in group 2 (42.4% vs. 15.4%, p<0.01). The global cost attributable to the management per patient-month of life was lower (1479.19±2184.43€) in group 1 than (2816.13±3893.03€) in group 2 (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that this new model of specialized caregiving reduces 12-month mortality in patients with cirrhosis and ascites as well as the global health care costs for their management.

How to improve care in outpatients with cirrhosis and ascites: A new model of care coordination by consultant hepatologists.

Piano S;Romano A;FRIGO, ANNA CHIARA;GATTA, ANGELO;ANGELI, PAOLO
2013

Abstract

The development of ascites in patients with cirrhosis is associated with a high rate of health care utilization. New models of specialized caregiving support are necessary to optimize its management. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and financial sustainability of the "Care management check-up" as a new model of specialized caregiving support based on a series of diagnostic facilities performed in real time and on the integrated activity of consultant hepatologists at the hospital unit for outpatients, dedicated nurses, physicians in training and primary physicians, compared to standard care in outpatients with cirrhosis and ascites. METHODS: 100 cirrhotic patients admitted to our hospital were allocated, after discharge, to the "Care management check-up" group (group 1), or to the "Standard outpatient care" group (group 2), and followed prospectively as outpatients up to death or for at least 12months. Patients of the two groups could also access to a "Day hospital" when an invasive procedure was required. In group 1, the "Care management check-up" and the "Day hospital" taken together defined the "Care management program". RESULTS: Twelve-month mortality was higher in group 2 than in group 1 (45.7% vs. 23.1%, p<0.025). The rate of 30-day readmission was also higher in group 2 (42.4% vs. 15.4%, p<0.01). The global cost attributable to the management per patient-month of life was lower (1479.19±2184.43€) in group 1 than (2816.13±3893.03€) in group 2 (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that this new model of specialized caregiving reduces 12-month mortality in patients with cirrhosis and ascites as well as the global health care costs for their management.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2576598
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