Background The aim of our study was to investigate whether stem cell (SC) therapy with human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFS, fetal stem cells) and rat adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction cells–GFP positive cells (rSVC-GFP) was able to produce favorable effects on skeletal muscle (SM) remodeling in a well-established rat model of right heart failure (RHF). Methods RHF was induced by monocrotaline (MCT) in Sprague–Dawley rats. Three weeks later, four millions of hAFS or rSVC-GFP cells were injected via tail vein. SM remodeling was assessed by Soleus muscle fiber cross sectional area (CSA), myocyte apoptosis, myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition, satellite cells pattern, and SC immunohistochemistry. Results hAFS and rSVC-GFP injection produced significant SC homing in Soleus (0.68 ± 1.0 and 0.67 ± 0.75% respectively), with a 50% differentiation toward smooth muscle and endothelial cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines were down regulated to levels similar to those of controls. SC-treated (SCT) rats showed increased CSA (p < 0.004 vs MCT) similarly to controls with a reshift toward the slow MHC1 isoform. Apoptosis was significantly decreased (11.12. ± 8.8 cells/mm3 hAFS and 13.1 + 7.6 rSVC-GFP) (p < 0.001 vs MCT) and similar to controls (5.38 ± 3.0 cells/mm3). RHF rats showed a dramatic reduction of satellite cells(MCT 0.2 ± 0.06% Pax7 native vs controls 2.60 ± 2.46%, p < 0.001), while SCT induced a repopulation of both native and SC derived satellite cells (p < 0.005). Conclusions SC treatment led to SM remodeling with satellite cell repopulation, decreased atrophy and apoptosis. Modulation of the cytokine milieu might play a crucial pathophysiological role with a possible scenario for autologous transplantation of SC in pts with CHF myopathy.

The contribution of stem cell therapy to skeletal muscle remodeling in heart failure.

CASTELLANI, CHIARA;VESCOVO, GIORGIO;RAVARA, BARBARA;FRANZIN, CHIARA;POZZOBON, MICHELA;TAVANO, REGINA;GORZA, LUISA;PAPINI, EMANUELE;VETTOR, ROBERTO;DE COPPI, PAOLO;THIENE, GAETANO;ANGELINI, ANNALISA
2013

Abstract

Background The aim of our study was to investigate whether stem cell (SC) therapy with human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFS, fetal stem cells) and rat adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction cells–GFP positive cells (rSVC-GFP) was able to produce favorable effects on skeletal muscle (SM) remodeling in a well-established rat model of right heart failure (RHF). Methods RHF was induced by monocrotaline (MCT) in Sprague–Dawley rats. Three weeks later, four millions of hAFS or rSVC-GFP cells were injected via tail vein. SM remodeling was assessed by Soleus muscle fiber cross sectional area (CSA), myocyte apoptosis, myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition, satellite cells pattern, and SC immunohistochemistry. Results hAFS and rSVC-GFP injection produced significant SC homing in Soleus (0.68 ± 1.0 and 0.67 ± 0.75% respectively), with a 50% differentiation toward smooth muscle and endothelial cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines were down regulated to levels similar to those of controls. SC-treated (SCT) rats showed increased CSA (p < 0.004 vs MCT) similarly to controls with a reshift toward the slow MHC1 isoform. Apoptosis was significantly decreased (11.12. ± 8.8 cells/mm3 hAFS and 13.1 + 7.6 rSVC-GFP) (p < 0.001 vs MCT) and similar to controls (5.38 ± 3.0 cells/mm3). RHF rats showed a dramatic reduction of satellite cells(MCT 0.2 ± 0.06% Pax7 native vs controls 2.60 ± 2.46%, p < 0.001), while SCT induced a repopulation of both native and SC derived satellite cells (p < 0.005). Conclusions SC treatment led to SM remodeling with satellite cell repopulation, decreased atrophy and apoptosis. Modulation of the cytokine milieu might play a crucial pathophysiological role with a possible scenario for autologous transplantation of SC in pts with CHF myopathy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2578031
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