Pre-diabetes is characterized by increased cardiovascular risk and chronic inflammation. The activation of monocyte-macrophages plays major roles in vascular biology. Herein, we aimed to analyze monocyte-macrophage polarization status in subjects with IFG and/or IGT compared with normal glucose tolerant (NGT) individuals. We enrolled 87 middle-aged individuals with low prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Based on OGTT, they were divided into 49 NGT and 38 pre-diabetic (IFG and/or IGT). Using flow cytometry analysis of peripheral blood cells, we quantified traditional monocyte subsets based on CD14 and CD16 expression as well as novel monocyte-macrophage pro-inflammatory CD68+CCR2+ M1 and anti-inflammatory CX3CR1+CD163+/CD206+ M2 phenotypes. The M1/M2 ratio was taken to represent the polarization balance. There were no differences in traditional classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+) and nonclassical (CD14+CD16+) monocytes between groups. Rather, compared to NGT, pre-diabetic subjects showed a significant increase in pro-inflammatory M1 cells and percent expression of the oxLDL scavenger receptor CD68, without changes in anti-inflammatory M2 cells. M1 levels and CD68 expression were directly correlated with HbA1c. We show for the first time that otherwise healthy pre-diabetic subjects have excess M1 inflammatory cells in peripheral blood, which may contribute to cardiovascular risk.

Monocyte-macrophage polarization balance in pre-diabetic individuals.

FADINI, GIAN PAOLO;MAZZUCATO, MARTA;AGOSTINI, CARLO;VIGILI DE KREUTZENBERG, SAULA;AVOGARO, ANGELO
2013

Abstract

Pre-diabetes is characterized by increased cardiovascular risk and chronic inflammation. The activation of monocyte-macrophages plays major roles in vascular biology. Herein, we aimed to analyze monocyte-macrophage polarization status in subjects with IFG and/or IGT compared with normal glucose tolerant (NGT) individuals. We enrolled 87 middle-aged individuals with low prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Based on OGTT, they were divided into 49 NGT and 38 pre-diabetic (IFG and/or IGT). Using flow cytometry analysis of peripheral blood cells, we quantified traditional monocyte subsets based on CD14 and CD16 expression as well as novel monocyte-macrophage pro-inflammatory CD68+CCR2+ M1 and anti-inflammatory CX3CR1+CD163+/CD206+ M2 phenotypes. The M1/M2 ratio was taken to represent the polarization balance. There were no differences in traditional classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+) and nonclassical (CD14+CD16+) monocytes between groups. Rather, compared to NGT, pre-diabetic subjects showed a significant increase in pro-inflammatory M1 cells and percent expression of the oxLDL scavenger receptor CD68, without changes in anti-inflammatory M2 cells. M1 levels and CD68 expression were directly correlated with HbA1c. We show for the first time that otherwise healthy pre-diabetic subjects have excess M1 inflammatory cells in peripheral blood, which may contribute to cardiovascular risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2682450
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