Background In hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), late hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) has been associated with BK virus (BKV) infection. We assessed the value of plasma BKV load in predicting HC. Methods Plasma and urine BKV-DNA load were assessed prospectively in 107 pediatric patients. Results Twenty patients developed grade II and III HC, with 100-day cumulative incidence of 18.8%. At diagnosis of HC, the median load of BKV DNA was 2.3 × 103 copies/mL. A plasma BKV-DNA load of 103 copies/mL had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 86% with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 39% for HC. A urine BKV-DNA load of >107 copies/mL had a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 60% with a NPV of 98% and a PPV of 14% for HC. A BKV load of 103 copies/mL on plasma was significantly associated with HC in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 6.1; P = .0006). Patients with HC had a significantly higher risk of mortality than patients who did not have HC (HR, 2.6; P = .018). Conclusions The above values were used to monitor plasma BKV-DNA load, and they provided a better prediction of patients at risk of HC than urine BKV-DNA load.

A Prospective Study on the Predictive Value of Plasma BK Virus-DNA Load for Hemorrhagic Cystitis in Pediatric Patients After Stem Cell Transplantation

PILLON, MARTA;CALORE, ELISABETTA;ABATE, DAVIDE ANTONIO;BARZON, LUISA;PALU', GIORGIO;MESSINA, CHIARA
2015

Abstract

Background In hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), late hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) has been associated with BK virus (BKV) infection. We assessed the value of plasma BKV load in predicting HC. Methods Plasma and urine BKV-DNA load were assessed prospectively in 107 pediatric patients. Results Twenty patients developed grade II and III HC, with 100-day cumulative incidence of 18.8%. At diagnosis of HC, the median load of BKV DNA was 2.3 × 103 copies/mL. A plasma BKV-DNA load of 103 copies/mL had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 86% with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 39% for HC. A urine BKV-DNA load of >107 copies/mL had a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 60% with a NPV of 98% and a PPV of 14% for HC. A BKV load of 103 copies/mL on plasma was significantly associated with HC in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 6.1; P = .0006). Patients with HC had a significantly higher risk of mortality than patients who did not have HC (HR, 2.6; P = .018). Conclusions The above values were used to monitor plasma BKV-DNA load, and they provided a better prediction of patients at risk of HC than urine BKV-DNA load.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2837986
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