BACKGROUND & AIMS: The new International Club of Ascites diagnostic criteria to diagnose acute kidney injury at hospital admission suggests the possibility of using a presumed baseline serum creatinine, defined as the last of at least two stable creatinine values during the last 3 months. Nevertheless, the possibility of the lack of such a value still remains. In these patients, the KDIGO criteria suggest to use an inverse application of MDRD equation assuming that baseline glomerular filtration rate is 75 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (imputed baseline creatinine). We tested the accuracy of this approach to detect acute kidney injury at admission in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and creatinine <1.5 mg/dl. METHODS: We analysed 213 patients hospitalized for acute decompensation of cirrhosis. At admission, glomerular filtration rate was estimated using creatinine-based equations and measured by inulin clearance. A diagnosis of acute kidney injury was made using an imputed value of serum creatinine as baseline. RESULTS: The diagnosis of AKI based on an imputed baseline creatinine identified only 20.1% of patients with measured glomerular filtration rate ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m2 without any predictive value on 90-day survival. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with cirrhosis and ascites with a creatinine <1.5 mg/dl without a baseline value on their records, the diagnosis of acute kidney injury at admission based on an imputed baseline creatinine is not accurate.

New ICA criteria for the diagnosis of acute kidney injury in cirrhotic patients: can we use an imputed value of serum creatinine?

ROSI, SILVIA;PIANO, SALVATORE SILVIO;FRIGO, ANNA CHIARA;MORANDO, FILIPPO;FASOLATO, SILVANO;CAVALLIN, MARTA;GOLA, ELISABETTA;ROMANO, ANTONIETTA;MONTAGNESE, SARA;STICCA, ANTONIETTA;GATTA, ANGELO;ANGELI, PAOLO
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The new International Club of Ascites diagnostic criteria to diagnose acute kidney injury at hospital admission suggests the possibility of using a presumed baseline serum creatinine, defined as the last of at least two stable creatinine values during the last 3 months. Nevertheless, the possibility of the lack of such a value still remains. In these patients, the KDIGO criteria suggest to use an inverse application of MDRD equation assuming that baseline glomerular filtration rate is 75 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (imputed baseline creatinine). We tested the accuracy of this approach to detect acute kidney injury at admission in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and creatinine <1.5 mg/dl. METHODS: We analysed 213 patients hospitalized for acute decompensation of cirrhosis. At admission, glomerular filtration rate was estimated using creatinine-based equations and measured by inulin clearance. A diagnosis of acute kidney injury was made using an imputed value of serum creatinine as baseline. RESULTS: The diagnosis of AKI based on an imputed baseline creatinine identified only 20.1% of patients with measured glomerular filtration rate ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m2 without any predictive value on 90-day survival. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with cirrhosis and ascites with a creatinine <1.5 mg/dl without a baseline value on their records, the diagnosis of acute kidney injury at admission based on an imputed baseline creatinine is not accurate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3153961
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