This paper shows how the problem of estimating the initial rotor position in permanent-magnet sensorless drives can benefit from the availability of a direct measurement of motor phase voltages. Two different estimation methods are presented for this purpose. The first is a readjustment of a classic procedure based on the detection, by means of the injection of voltage test pulses, of inductance variations due to motor saliencies, from which it is then possible to infer the position of the rotor. Since the application of irregular test pulses may increase the estimation uncertainties, the available voltage measurement is exploited to implement a closed-loop amplitude control of the test pulses. The second method is introduced both to overcome an issue related to the digital measurement approach adopted in this paper and to allow position estimation even in a motor with no relevant saliency, a case for which the first method is inappropriate. The effectiveness of the proposed solutions is validated by several experimental tests, which are carried out on two motors with different saliency properties.

Benefits of Direct Phase Voltage Measurement in the Rotor Initial Position Detection for Permanent-Magnet Motor Drives

Antonello, Riccardo;Tinazzi, Fabio;Zigliotto, Mauro
2015

Abstract

This paper shows how the problem of estimating the initial rotor position in permanent-magnet sensorless drives can benefit from the availability of a direct measurement of motor phase voltages. Two different estimation methods are presented for this purpose. The first is a readjustment of a classic procedure based on the detection, by means of the injection of voltage test pulses, of inductance variations due to motor saliencies, from which it is then possible to infer the position of the rotor. Since the application of irregular test pulses may increase the estimation uncertainties, the available voltage measurement is exploited to implement a closed-loop amplitude control of the test pulses. The second method is introduced both to overcome an issue related to the digital measurement approach adopted in this paper and to allow position estimation even in a motor with no relevant saliency, a case for which the first method is inappropriate. The effectiveness of the proposed solutions is validated by several experimental tests, which are carried out on two motors with different saliency properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3188810
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