This work presents an analysis and validation of a foldable boom actuated by tape-spring foldable elastic hinges for space applications. The analytical equations of tape-springs are described, extending the classical equations for isotropic materials to orthotropic carbon-fiber composite materials. The analytical equations which describe the buckling of the hinge have been implemented in a multibody simulation software where the hinge was modeled as a nonlinear elastic bushing and the boom as a rigid body. In the experimental phase, the boom was fabricated using a thin layer carbon-fiber composite tube, and the residual vibrations after deployment were experimentally tested with a triaxial accelerometer. A direct comparison of the simulation with the physical prototype pointed out the dangerous effect of higher order vibrations which are difficult to capture in simulation. We observed that while the vibrational spectra of simulations and experiments were compatible at low frequencies during deployment, a marked difference was observed at frequencies beyond 30 Hz. While difficult to model, higher order frequencies should be carefully accounted for in the design of self-deployable space structures. Indeed, if tape-springs are used as a self-locking mechanism, the higher vibrational modes could have enough energy to unlock the structure during operation.

Design and validation of a carbon-fiber collapsible hinge for space applications: A deployable boom

PIOVESAN, DAVIDE;ZACCARIOTTO, MIRCO;BETTANINI FECIA DI COSSATO, CARLO;PERTILE, MARCO;DEBEI, STEFANO
2016

Abstract

This work presents an analysis and validation of a foldable boom actuated by tape-spring foldable elastic hinges for space applications. The analytical equations of tape-springs are described, extending the classical equations for isotropic materials to orthotropic carbon-fiber composite materials. The analytical equations which describe the buckling of the hinge have been implemented in a multibody simulation software where the hinge was modeled as a nonlinear elastic bushing and the boom as a rigid body. In the experimental phase, the boom was fabricated using a thin layer carbon-fiber composite tube, and the residual vibrations after deployment were experimentally tested with a triaxial accelerometer. A direct comparison of the simulation with the physical prototype pointed out the dangerous effect of higher order vibrations which are difficult to capture in simulation. We observed that while the vibrational spectra of simulations and experiments were compatible at low frequencies during deployment, a marked difference was observed at frequencies beyond 30 Hz. While difficult to model, higher order frequencies should be carefully accounted for in the design of self-deployable space structures. Indeed, if tape-springs are used as a self-locking mechanism, the higher vibrational modes could have enough energy to unlock the structure during operation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3192575
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