Background. Concerns still exist regarding long-term results and freedom from valve-related adverse events in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this single-center retrospective study was to assess intermediate-term (up to 5-year) clinical and hemodynamic outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods. From 2007 through 2013, 338 consecutive patients underwent TAVI at our institution. Preoperative variables were defined according to the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) definitions, and outcomes were reported according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 definitions. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of mortality at follow-up. Results. transfemoral (TF) and transapical (TA) TAVI were performed in 233 (69%) and 105 (31%) patients, respectively. All-cause 30-day mortality was 4.4%, with no differences between TA and TF procedures. Thirty-day cardiovascular death, stroke, and myocardial infarction were not different between groups. The acute kidney injury (AKI) rate was higher in the TA group (30.5% versus 11.2%; p < 0.001). Access-related complications were more frequent in the TF group (36.1% versus 11.4%; p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 22.3 +/- 17.8 months (range, 1-74 months). Overall survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 85.5% +/- 2.1%, 69.9% +/- 3.2%, and 61% +/- 4.3%, respectively. Independent predictors of all-cause mortality at follow-up were previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR], 2.7), any grade of paravalvular leak (PVL) (OR, 2.5), and AKI (OR, 3.1). Mean gradient and effective orifice area at follow-up were 10.7 +/- 12.0 mm Hg and 1.1 +/- 0.9 cm(2)/m(2), respectively. Conclusions. Our data show that TAVI has good early and intermediate-term clinical and hemodynamic outcomes in high-risk or inoperable patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. PVL of any grade has a significant impact on survival.

Intermediate clinical and hemodynamic outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation presented at the fifty-first annual meeting of the society of thoracic surgeons, San Diego, CA, Jan 24-28, 2015

D'ONOFRIO, AUGUSTO;FACCHIN, MICHELA;BESOLA, LAURA;MANZAN, ERICA;TESSARI, CHIARA;BIZZOTTO, ELEONORA;BIANCO, ROBERTO;TARANTINI, GIUSEPPE;NAPODANO, MASSIMO;FRACCARO, CHIARA;BUJA, PAOLO;COVOLO, ELISA;YZEIRAJ, ERMELA;PITTARELLO, DEMETRIO;ILICETO, SABINO;GEROSA, GINO
2016

Abstract

Background. Concerns still exist regarding long-term results and freedom from valve-related adverse events in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this single-center retrospective study was to assess intermediate-term (up to 5-year) clinical and hemodynamic outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods. From 2007 through 2013, 338 consecutive patients underwent TAVI at our institution. Preoperative variables were defined according to the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) definitions, and outcomes were reported according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 definitions. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of mortality at follow-up. Results. transfemoral (TF) and transapical (TA) TAVI were performed in 233 (69%) and 105 (31%) patients, respectively. All-cause 30-day mortality was 4.4%, with no differences between TA and TF procedures. Thirty-day cardiovascular death, stroke, and myocardial infarction were not different between groups. The acute kidney injury (AKI) rate was higher in the TA group (30.5% versus 11.2%; p < 0.001). Access-related complications were more frequent in the TF group (36.1% versus 11.4%; p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 22.3 +/- 17.8 months (range, 1-74 months). Overall survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 85.5% +/- 2.1%, 69.9% +/- 3.2%, and 61% +/- 4.3%, respectively. Independent predictors of all-cause mortality at follow-up were previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR], 2.7), any grade of paravalvular leak (PVL) (OR, 2.5), and AKI (OR, 3.1). Mean gradient and effective orifice area at follow-up were 10.7 +/- 12.0 mm Hg and 1.1 +/- 0.9 cm(2)/m(2), respectively. Conclusions. Our data show that TAVI has good early and intermediate-term clinical and hemodynamic outcomes in high-risk or inoperable patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. PVL of any grade has a significant impact on survival.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3199001
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