The heat pump systems are considered today an environmentally friendly technology and, together with other energy production systems from renewable sources, are fundamental for reducing energy consumption and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions due to air conditioning of buildings. The ground source heat pumps use the ground as a heat source able to provide the better energy performance if compared with more common systems which using air as source. The increase of the temperatures inside the controlled landfills of municipal solid waste (MSW), due to the decomposition of waste materials can make the volume of waste a viable alternative in this context, to be used as a heat source for the production of heat. The present work has the objective of analyzing the potential of use of a MSW landfill for space heating through a heat pump. The first part of the work analyzes the main features of a landfill of municipal solid waste starting from system design through to biological degradation processes of organic matter. Subsequently the possible configurations of heat exchangers to be inserted within or covering the landfill is discussed. Based on the findings found in the literature, a dynamic model has been created for a real case study of a MSW landfill located in the north-east of Italy. Boundary conditions (i.e. annual temperature cycles for the soil, heat exchange by convection with the ambient air and radiation, a heat generation function distributed on the rejection of mass) have been imposed to the model in order to carry out annual simulations by means of finite element method, thanks to which the values of temperature reached by the mass of waste have been obtained. By means of the creation of a thermal load profile of a group of users it has been possible to determine the total energy extracted from the landfill and the electricity needed for the operation of the heat pump. The potential energy saving achievable with this type of plant was obtained by comparison with a ground source heat pump using horizontal pipes.

Use of municipal solid waste landfill as heat source of heat pump

EMMI, GIUSEPPE;ZARRELLA, ANGELO;DE CARLI, MICHELE
2016

Abstract

The heat pump systems are considered today an environmentally friendly technology and, together with other energy production systems from renewable sources, are fundamental for reducing energy consumption and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions due to air conditioning of buildings. The ground source heat pumps use the ground as a heat source able to provide the better energy performance if compared with more common systems which using air as source. The increase of the temperatures inside the controlled landfills of municipal solid waste (MSW), due to the decomposition of waste materials can make the volume of waste a viable alternative in this context, to be used as a heat source for the production of heat. The present work has the objective of analyzing the potential of use of a MSW landfill for space heating through a heat pump. The first part of the work analyzes the main features of a landfill of municipal solid waste starting from system design through to biological degradation processes of organic matter. Subsequently the possible configurations of heat exchangers to be inserted within or covering the landfill is discussed. Based on the findings found in the literature, a dynamic model has been created for a real case study of a MSW landfill located in the north-east of Italy. Boundary conditions (i.e. annual temperature cycles for the soil, heat exchange by convection with the ambient air and radiation, a heat generation function distributed on the rejection of mass) have been imposed to the model in order to carry out annual simulations by means of finite element method, thanks to which the values of temperature reached by the mass of waste have been obtained. By means of the creation of a thermal load profile of a group of users it has been possible to determine the total energy extracted from the landfill and the electricity needed for the operation of the heat pump. The potential energy saving achievable with this type of plant was obtained by comparison with a ground source heat pump using horizontal pipes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3215574
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