Skeletal muscle is a dynamic organ, characterized by an incredible ability to rapidly increase its rate of energy consumption to sustain activity. Muscle mitochondria provide most of the ATP required for contraction via oxidative phosphorylation. Here we found that skeletal muscle mitochondria express a unique MCU complex containing an alternative splice isoform of MICU1, MICU1.1, characterized by the addition of a micro-exon that is sufficient to greatly modify the properties of the MCU. Indeed, MICU1.1 binds Ca2+ one order of magnitude more efficiently than MICU1 and, when heterodimerized with MICU2, activates MCU current at lower Ca2+ concentrations than MICU1-MICU2 heterodimers. In skeletal muscle in vivo, MICU1.1 is required for sustained mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and ATP production. These results highlight a novel mechanism of the molecular plasticity of the MCU Ca2+ uptake machinery that allows skeletal muscle mitochondria to be highly responsive to sarcoplasmic [Ca2+] responses.

A MICU1 Splice Variant Confers High Sensitivity to the Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uptake Machinery of Skeletal Muscle

VECELLIO REANE, DENIS;CHECCHETTO, VANESSA;ACQUASALIENTE, LAURA;BUTERA, GAIA;DE FILIPPIS, VINCENZO;SZABO', ILDIKO';ZANOTTI, GIUSEPPE;RIZZUTO, ROSARIO
;
RAFFAELLO, ANNA
2016

Abstract

Skeletal muscle is a dynamic organ, characterized by an incredible ability to rapidly increase its rate of energy consumption to sustain activity. Muscle mitochondria provide most of the ATP required for contraction via oxidative phosphorylation. Here we found that skeletal muscle mitochondria express a unique MCU complex containing an alternative splice isoform of MICU1, MICU1.1, characterized by the addition of a micro-exon that is sufficient to greatly modify the properties of the MCU. Indeed, MICU1.1 binds Ca2+ one order of magnitude more efficiently than MICU1 and, when heterodimerized with MICU2, activates MCU current at lower Ca2+ concentrations than MICU1-MICU2 heterodimers. In skeletal muscle in vivo, MICU1.1 is required for sustained mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and ATP production. These results highlight a novel mechanism of the molecular plasticity of the MCU Ca2+ uptake machinery that allows skeletal muscle mitochondria to be highly responsive to sarcoplasmic [Ca2+] responses.
2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3231624
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