BACKGROUND & AIM: concerns about an increased hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence rate following directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy in cirrhotic patients with a prior complete oncological response have been raised. Data regarding the impact of HCV-treatment with DAAs on waiting list drop-out rates in patients with active HCC and HCV-related cirrhosis awaiting liver transplantation (LT) are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HCV-HCC patients listed for LT between January 2015 and May 2016 at Padua Liver Transplant Centre were considered eligible for the study. After enrollment patients were divided into 2 groups, depending on whether they underwent DAAs treatment while awaiting LT or not. For each patient clinical, serological and virological data were collected. HCC characteristics were radiologically evaluated at baseline and during follow-up (FU). For transplanted patients, pathological assessment of the explants was performed and recurrence-rates were calculated. RESULTS: twenty-three patients treated with DAAs and 23 controls were enrolled. HCC characteristics at time of LT-listing were comparable between the 2 groups. Median FU was 10 and 7 months, respectively, during which 2/23 (8.7%) and 1/23 (4.3%) drop-out events due to HCC-progression were registered (p = 0.9). No significant differences in terms of radiological progression were highlighted (p = 0.16). Nine out of 23 cases (39%) and 14/23 (61%) controls underwent LT, and histopathological analysis showed no differences in terms of median number and total tumor volume of HCC nodules, tumor differentiation or microvascular invasion. During post-LT FU, 1/8 DAAs treated patient (12,5%) and 1/12 control (8,3%) experienced HCC recurrence (p = 0.6). CONCLUSIONS: Viral eradication does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of drop-out due to neoplastic progression in HCV-HCC patients awaiting LT.

Drop-out rate from the liver transplant waiting list due to HCC progression in HCV-infected patients treated with direct acting antivirals.

ZANETTO, ALBERTO;Vitale, A;MESCOLI, CLAUDIA;FERRARESE, ALBERTO;GERMANI, GIACOMO;SENZOLO, MARCO;ROMANO, ANTONIETTA;ANGELI, PAOLO;RUGGE, MASSIMO;FARINATI, FABIO;CILLO, UMBERTO;BURRA, PATRIZIA;RUSSO, FRANCESCO PAOLO
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIM: concerns about an increased hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence rate following directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy in cirrhotic patients with a prior complete oncological response have been raised. Data regarding the impact of HCV-treatment with DAAs on waiting list drop-out rates in patients with active HCC and HCV-related cirrhosis awaiting liver transplantation (LT) are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HCV-HCC patients listed for LT between January 2015 and May 2016 at Padua Liver Transplant Centre were considered eligible for the study. After enrollment patients were divided into 2 groups, depending on whether they underwent DAAs treatment while awaiting LT or not. For each patient clinical, serological and virological data were collected. HCC characteristics were radiologically evaluated at baseline and during follow-up (FU). For transplanted patients, pathological assessment of the explants was performed and recurrence-rates were calculated. RESULTS: twenty-three patients treated with DAAs and 23 controls were enrolled. HCC characteristics at time of LT-listing were comparable between the 2 groups. Median FU was 10 and 7 months, respectively, during which 2/23 (8.7%) and 1/23 (4.3%) drop-out events due to HCC-progression were registered (p = 0.9). No significant differences in terms of radiological progression were highlighted (p = 0.16). Nine out of 23 cases (39%) and 14/23 (61%) controls underwent LT, and histopathological analysis showed no differences in terms of median number and total tumor volume of HCC nodules, tumor differentiation or microvascular invasion. During post-LT FU, 1/8 DAAs treated patient (12,5%) and 1/12 control (8,3%) experienced HCC recurrence (p = 0.6). CONCLUSIONS: Viral eradication does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of drop-out due to neoplastic progression in HCV-HCC patients awaiting LT.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3235419
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