The control and optimization of oxygen content in wine matrices is becoming more and more important in wine production in order to guarantee their best quality. It is well known that in a first phase O2 is necessary to facilitate the development and activity of yeasts, to favor the combination of anthocyanins and color stabilization, and to help reducing the astringency of red wines. In a second phase, however, during the maturation, O2 can severely deteriorate the organoleptic characteristics of the wine. The main oenological practices commonly performed in wine cellars causes remarkable amounts of oxygen to dissolve in wine. For this reason, an instrumentation able to be used in cellars is needed to detect the amount of dissolved oxygen in the wine; as well, a plant technology is needed which is capable of eliminating excess oxygen. In this work, a new economic prototype of optical sensor for oxygen measurements in oenological matrices is developed. It is based on the sampling of the light emission of a polysulfone polymer membrane containing 5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin platinum (II) (PtTPP). The experimental parameter used for calibration of the sensor is the life time of the PtTPP, obtained from the fitting of the emission decay profile produced by stimulation of the membrane with short pulses emitted by a 390 nm excitation LED. The membrane guarantees a linear behavior of the Stern-Volmer equation and long-lasting signal stability [1,2]. Studies on the behavior of the sensor have been performed in different environments such as air, water, synthetic wine, and also in real red and white wine samples at different temperatures from 5 ° to 20 ° C. The sensor has been suitably designed to work in food matrices and to optimize the noise signal ratio, while keeping the price of the components as low as possible. The sensor was tested for a month within a barrel of 10 m containing wine in the first fermentation phase. In particular, two equal sensors were placed at two levels of depth compared to the wine infeed level: at 0.5 and 2.5 m, respectively. The oxygen content measured during this period was always constant and equal to 0.2%. We thank Smart Future S.r.l. and the project "WOW: DEPLOYMENT OF WSAN TECHNOLOGY FOR MONITORING OXYGEN IN WINE PRODUCTS" financed by the Veneto Region ex LR 5/2001 - ex LR 9/2007.

Prototype of an optical sensor for oxygen measurements in oenological matrix

Denis Badocco;Nicola Trivellin;Diego Barbisan;Angelo Cenedese;Paolo Pastore
2017

Abstract

The control and optimization of oxygen content in wine matrices is becoming more and more important in wine production in order to guarantee their best quality. It is well known that in a first phase O2 is necessary to facilitate the development and activity of yeasts, to favor the combination of anthocyanins and color stabilization, and to help reducing the astringency of red wines. In a second phase, however, during the maturation, O2 can severely deteriorate the organoleptic characteristics of the wine. The main oenological practices commonly performed in wine cellars causes remarkable amounts of oxygen to dissolve in wine. For this reason, an instrumentation able to be used in cellars is needed to detect the amount of dissolved oxygen in the wine; as well, a plant technology is needed which is capable of eliminating excess oxygen. In this work, a new economic prototype of optical sensor for oxygen measurements in oenological matrices is developed. It is based on the sampling of the light emission of a polysulfone polymer membrane containing 5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin platinum (II) (PtTPP). The experimental parameter used for calibration of the sensor is the life time of the PtTPP, obtained from the fitting of the emission decay profile produced by stimulation of the membrane with short pulses emitted by a 390 nm excitation LED. The membrane guarantees a linear behavior of the Stern-Volmer equation and long-lasting signal stability [1,2]. Studies on the behavior of the sensor have been performed in different environments such as air, water, synthetic wine, and also in real red and white wine samples at different temperatures from 5 ° to 20 ° C. The sensor has been suitably designed to work in food matrices and to optimize the noise signal ratio, while keeping the price of the components as low as possible. The sensor was tested for a month within a barrel of 10 m containing wine in the first fermentation phase. In particular, two equal sensors were placed at two levels of depth compared to the wine infeed level: at 0.5 and 2.5 m, respectively. The oxygen content measured during this period was always constant and equal to 0.2%. We thank Smart Future S.r.l. and the project "WOW: DEPLOYMENT OF WSAN TECHNOLOGY FOR MONITORING OXYGEN IN WINE PRODUCTS" financed by the Veneto Region ex LR 5/2001 - ex LR 9/2007.
Recenti sviluppi in Scienze delle Separazioni e Bioanalitica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3243679
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