Repair of an incisional hernia (IH) generates costs on several levels and domains of society. The aim of this study was to make a complete cost analysis of incisional hernia repair (IHR) with synthetic and biological mesh and to compare it with financial reimbursement. Patients were grouped into three levels to determine the complexity of their care, and hence, the costs involved. Group 1 included patients without comorbidities, who underwent a "standard" incisional hernia repair (SIHR), with synthetic mesh. Group 2 included patients with comorbidities, who underwent the same surgical procedure. Group 3 included all patients who underwent a "complex" IHR (CIHR) with biological mesh. Total costs were divided into direct (including preoperative and operative phases) and indirect costs (medications and working days loss). Reimbursement was calculated according to Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG). From 2012 to 2014, 76 patients underwent prosthetic IHR: group 1 (35 pts); group 2 (30 pts); and group 3 (11 pts). The direct costs of preoperative and operative phases for groups 1 and 2 were (sic)5544.25 and (sic)5020.65, respectively, and (sic)16,397.17 in group 3. The total reimbursement in the three groups was (sic)68,292.37 for group 1, (sic)80,014.14 for group 2, and (sic)72,173.79 for group 3, with a total loss of (sic)124,658.43, (sic)69,675.36, and (sic)100,620.04, respectively. All DRGs underestimate the costs related to IHR and CIHR, thus resulting in an important economic loss for the hospital. The cost analysis shows that patient-related risk factors do not alter the overall costs. To provide a correct "cost-based" reimbursement, different DRGs should be created for different types of hernias and prostheses.

Cost analysis of incisional hernia repair with synthetic mesh and biological mesh: an Italian study

Rampado, Sabrina;GERON, ANDREA;Pirozzolo, Giovanni;Ganss, Angelica;PIZZOLATO, ELISA;Bardini, Romeo
2017

Abstract

Repair of an incisional hernia (IH) generates costs on several levels and domains of society. The aim of this study was to make a complete cost analysis of incisional hernia repair (IHR) with synthetic and biological mesh and to compare it with financial reimbursement. Patients were grouped into three levels to determine the complexity of their care, and hence, the costs involved. Group 1 included patients without comorbidities, who underwent a "standard" incisional hernia repair (SIHR), with synthetic mesh. Group 2 included patients with comorbidities, who underwent the same surgical procedure. Group 3 included all patients who underwent a "complex" IHR (CIHR) with biological mesh. Total costs were divided into direct (including preoperative and operative phases) and indirect costs (medications and working days loss). Reimbursement was calculated according to Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG). From 2012 to 2014, 76 patients underwent prosthetic IHR: group 1 (35 pts); group 2 (30 pts); and group 3 (11 pts). The direct costs of preoperative and operative phases for groups 1 and 2 were (sic)5544.25 and (sic)5020.65, respectively, and (sic)16,397.17 in group 3. The total reimbursement in the three groups was (sic)68,292.37 for group 1, (sic)80,014.14 for group 2, and (sic)72,173.79 for group 3, with a total loss of (sic)124,658.43, (sic)69,675.36, and (sic)100,620.04, respectively. All DRGs underestimate the costs related to IHR and CIHR, thus resulting in an important economic loss for the hospital. The cost analysis shows that patient-related risk factors do not alter the overall costs. To provide a correct "cost-based" reimbursement, different DRGs should be created for different types of hernias and prostheses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3255340
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