Composites of carbon nanostructures (CNSs) and biocompatible polymers are promising materials for a series of advanced technological applications, ranging from biomedicine and bioelectronics to smart packaging and soft robotics. In this work, we present three types of organic-functionalized CNSs, namely p-methoxyphenyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns and reduced graphene oxide, used as nanofillers for the preparation of homogeneous and well-dispersed composites of poly(L-lactic acid), a biocompatible and biodegradable FDA-approved polymer. A thorough characterization of the composites is given in terms of calorimetric response, electrical and mechanical properties. Significant differences are observed among the different types of CNS nanofillers, underlying the key role played by the nanoscale shape and distribution of the components in driving the macroscopic behavior of the composite material. Surface properties are probed through advanced atomic force microscopy techniques, on both flat substrates (films) and confined systems (nanofibers). All these composites proved to be biocompatible and to support as scaffolds the proliferation of human neuronal precursor cell line SH-SY5Y, opening the route to a future comparative analysis on their ability to boost neuronal differentiation.

Effect of different functionalized carbon nanostructures as fillers on the physical properties of biocompatible poly( l -lactic acid) composites

Vicentini, Nicola;Gatti, Teresa
;
HERNANDEZ GOMEZ, YURIKO SUEMI;Marega, Carla;Filippini, Francesco;Menna, Enzo
2018

Abstract

Composites of carbon nanostructures (CNSs) and biocompatible polymers are promising materials for a series of advanced technological applications, ranging from biomedicine and bioelectronics to smart packaging and soft robotics. In this work, we present three types of organic-functionalized CNSs, namely p-methoxyphenyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns and reduced graphene oxide, used as nanofillers for the preparation of homogeneous and well-dispersed composites of poly(L-lactic acid), a biocompatible and biodegradable FDA-approved polymer. A thorough characterization of the composites is given in terms of calorimetric response, electrical and mechanical properties. Significant differences are observed among the different types of CNS nanofillers, underlying the key role played by the nanoscale shape and distribution of the components in driving the macroscopic behavior of the composite material. Surface properties are probed through advanced atomic force microscopy techniques, on both flat substrates (films) and confined systems (nanofibers). All these composites proved to be biocompatible and to support as scaffolds the proliferation of human neuronal precursor cell line SH-SY5Y, opening the route to a future comparative analysis on their ability to boost neuronal differentiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3270065
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