Health care workers (HCWs) are prone to a heavy psycho-physical workload. Health promotion programs can help prevent the onset of chronic and work-related diseases. The aim of the STI-VI 'before-and-after' study, with assessments scheduled at 6 and 12 months, was to improve the lifestyle of HCWs with at least one cardiovascular risk factor. A tailored motivational counseling intervention, focusing on dietary habits and physical activity (PA) was administered to 167 HCWs (53 males; 114 females). BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, and cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood glucose levels were measured before and after the intervention. The 6-month results (total sample and by gender) showed a marked effect on lifestyle: PA improved (+121.2 MET, p = 0.01), and diets became more similar to the Mediterranean model (+0.8, p < 0.001). BMI dropped (-0.2, p < 0.03), and waist circumference improved even more (-2.5 cm; p < 0.001). Other variables improved significantly: total and LDL cholesterol (-12.8 and -9.4 mg/dL, p < 0.001); systolic and diastolic blood pressure (-4.4 and -2.5 mmHg, p < 0.001); blood glucose (-1.5 mg/dL, p = 0.05); and triglycerides (significant only in women), (-8.7 mg/dL, p = 0.008); but HDL cholesterol levels dropped too. If consolidated at 12 months, these results indicate that our intervention can help HCWs maintain a healthy lifestyle and work ability.

Combined Before-and-After Workplace Intervention to Promote Healthy Lifestyles in Healthcare Workers (STI-VI Study): Short-Term Assessment

Scapellato ML;Comiati V;Buja A;BUTTIGNOL, GIANCARLO;Valentini R;Maccà I;Mason P;Trevisan A;Spinella P
2018

Abstract

Health care workers (HCWs) are prone to a heavy psycho-physical workload. Health promotion programs can help prevent the onset of chronic and work-related diseases. The aim of the STI-VI 'before-and-after' study, with assessments scheduled at 6 and 12 months, was to improve the lifestyle of HCWs with at least one cardiovascular risk factor. A tailored motivational counseling intervention, focusing on dietary habits and physical activity (PA) was administered to 167 HCWs (53 males; 114 females). BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, and cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood glucose levels were measured before and after the intervention. The 6-month results (total sample and by gender) showed a marked effect on lifestyle: PA improved (+121.2 MET, p = 0.01), and diets became more similar to the Mediterranean model (+0.8, p < 0.001). BMI dropped (-0.2, p < 0.03), and waist circumference improved even more (-2.5 cm; p < 0.001). Other variables improved significantly: total and LDL cholesterol (-12.8 and -9.4 mg/dL, p < 0.001); systolic and diastolic blood pressure (-4.4 and -2.5 mmHg, p < 0.001); blood glucose (-1.5 mg/dL, p = 0.05); and triglycerides (significant only in women), (-8.7 mg/dL, p = 0.008); but HDL cholesterol levels dropped too. If consolidated at 12 months, these results indicate that our intervention can help HCWs maintain a healthy lifestyle and work ability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3280504
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