The interest on wearable prosthetic devices has boost the research for a robust framework to help injured subjects to regain their lost functionality. A great number of solutions exploit physiological human signals, such as Electromyography (EMG), to naturally control the prosthesis, reproducing what happens in the human limbs. In this paper, we propose for the first time a way to integrate EMG signals with Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) information, as a way to improve subject-independent models for controlling robotic hands. EMG data are very sensitive to both physical and physiological variations, and this is particularly true between different subjects. The introduction of IMUs aims at enriching the subject-independent model, making it more robust with information not strictly dependent from the physiological characteristics of the subject. We compare three different models: the first based on EMG solely, the second merging data from EMG and the 2 best IMUs available, and the third using EMG and IMUs information corresponding to the same 3 electrodes. The three techniques are tested on two different movements executed by 35 healthy subjects, by using a leave-one-out approach. The framework is able to estimate online the bending angles of the joints involved in the motion, obtaining an accuracy up to 0.8634. The resulting joint angles are used to actuate a robotic hand in a simulated environment.

Toward a Better Robotic Hand Prosthesis Control: Using EMG and IMU Features for a Subject Independent Multi Joint Regression Model

Francesca Stival
;
Stefano Michieletto;Enrico Pagello
2018

Abstract

The interest on wearable prosthetic devices has boost the research for a robust framework to help injured subjects to regain their lost functionality. A great number of solutions exploit physiological human signals, such as Electromyography (EMG), to naturally control the prosthesis, reproducing what happens in the human limbs. In this paper, we propose for the first time a way to integrate EMG signals with Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) information, as a way to improve subject-independent models for controlling robotic hands. EMG data are very sensitive to both physical and physiological variations, and this is particularly true between different subjects. The introduction of IMUs aims at enriching the subject-independent model, making it more robust with information not strictly dependent from the physiological characteristics of the subject. We compare three different models: the first based on EMG solely, the second merging data from EMG and the 2 best IMUs available, and the third using EMG and IMUs information corresponding to the same 3 electrodes. The three techniques are tested on two different movements executed by 35 healthy subjects, by using a leave-one-out approach. The framework is able to estimate online the bending angles of the joints involved in the motion, obtaining an accuracy up to 0.8634. The resulting joint angles are used to actuate a robotic hand in a simulated environment.
2018 7th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3283466
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