Mitochondria are intracellular organelles involved in several processes from bioenergetics to cell death. In the latest years, ion channels are arising as new possible targets in controlling several cellular functions. The discovery that several plasma membrane located ion channels have intracellular counterparts, has now implemented this consideration and the number of studies enforcing the understanding of their role in different metabolic pathways. In this review, we will discuss the recent updates in the field, focusing our attention on the involvement of potassium channels during mitochondrial mediated apoptotic cell death. Since mitochondria are one of the key organelles involved in this process, it is not surprising that potassium channels located in their inner membrane could be involved in modulating mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production, and respiratory chain complexes functions. Eventually, these events lead to changes in the mitochondrial fitness that prelude to the cytochrome c release and apoptosis. In this scenario, both the inhibition and the activation of mitochondrial potassium channels could cause cell death, and their targeting could be a novel pharmacological way to treat different human diseases.

Mitochondrial potassium channels in cell death

Checchetto, Vanessa;Azzolini, Michele;Peruzzo, Roberta;Capitanio, Paola;Leanza, Luigi
2018

Abstract

Mitochondria are intracellular organelles involved in several processes from bioenergetics to cell death. In the latest years, ion channels are arising as new possible targets in controlling several cellular functions. The discovery that several plasma membrane located ion channels have intracellular counterparts, has now implemented this consideration and the number of studies enforcing the understanding of their role in different metabolic pathways. In this review, we will discuss the recent updates in the field, focusing our attention on the involvement of potassium channels during mitochondrial mediated apoptotic cell death. Since mitochondria are one of the key organelles involved in this process, it is not surprising that potassium channels located in their inner membrane could be involved in modulating mitochondrial membrane potential, ROS production, and respiratory chain complexes functions. Eventually, these events lead to changes in the mitochondrial fitness that prelude to the cytochrome c release and apoptosis. In this scenario, both the inhibition and the activation of mitochondrial potassium channels could cause cell death, and their targeting could be a novel pharmacological way to treat different human diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3285787
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