Although the diagnosis and treatment of sporadic vestibular schwannoma has improved in recent years, no factors capable of predicting its growth have been identified as yet. Endoglin (CD105) is a proliferation-associated protein expressed in angiogenic endothelial cells, and a potential prognostic indicator for several solid tumors. The aim of the present study was primarily to investigate the expression and role of CD105 in a series of sporadic vestibular nerve schwannomas. In 71 consecutive cases of vestibular schwannoma, vessel cross-sectional area and density were calculated from immunohistochemically assessed CD105 expression using image analysis to correlate them with: (i) tumor dimensions; and (ii) tumor growth rate measured on high-resolution contrast-enhanced MRI (ceMRI). Based on assessments of CD105 expression, a significant positive correlation was identified between vessel cross-sectional area and tumor size at the time of surgery (p=0.0024), and between vessel density and tumor size (p=0.013). Vessel cross-sectional area (p=0.0006) and vessel density (p=0.003) were significantly greater in tumors measuring ≥10mm in size than in those<10 mm. Conversely, when tumor growth rate could be calculated from two or more ceMRI (38 cases), there was no significant correlation between tumor growth rate and cross-sectional vessel area or vessel density as assessed with CD105. Further investigations are needed to ascertain the feasibility of: (i) using circulating endoglin assay to monitor tumor growth; and (ii) targeting neoangiogenesis with anti-endoglin antibodies in sporadic vestibular schwannoma.

Endoglin-based assessment of neoangiogenesis in sporadic VIII cranial nerve schwannoma

Marioni G
;
Blandamura S;Nicolè L;Denaro L;Cazzador D;Pavone C;Guzzardo V;Fassina A;D’Avella D;Martini A;
2019

Abstract

Although the diagnosis and treatment of sporadic vestibular schwannoma has improved in recent years, no factors capable of predicting its growth have been identified as yet. Endoglin (CD105) is a proliferation-associated protein expressed in angiogenic endothelial cells, and a potential prognostic indicator for several solid tumors. The aim of the present study was primarily to investigate the expression and role of CD105 in a series of sporadic vestibular nerve schwannomas. In 71 consecutive cases of vestibular schwannoma, vessel cross-sectional area and density were calculated from immunohistochemically assessed CD105 expression using image analysis to correlate them with: (i) tumor dimensions; and (ii) tumor growth rate measured on high-resolution contrast-enhanced MRI (ceMRI). Based on assessments of CD105 expression, a significant positive correlation was identified between vessel cross-sectional area and tumor size at the time of surgery (p=0.0024), and between vessel density and tumor size (p=0.013). Vessel cross-sectional area (p=0.0006) and vessel density (p=0.003) were significantly greater in tumors measuring ≥10mm in size than in those<10 mm. Conversely, when tumor growth rate could be calculated from two or more ceMRI (38 cases), there was no significant correlation between tumor growth rate and cross-sectional vessel area or vessel density as assessed with CD105. Further investigations are needed to ascertain the feasibility of: (i) using circulating endoglin assay to monitor tumor growth; and (ii) targeting neoangiogenesis with anti-endoglin antibodies in sporadic vestibular schwannoma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3308820
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