Introduction The laparoscopic approach is increasingly adopted in colorectal cancer surgery; however, its role in elderly patients is controversial. We sought to examine the relationship between age and short-term outcomes following laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods Data of patients 65 + years old who underwent laparoscopic surgery for CRC between 2002 and 2014 were retrieved from the administrative National Italian Hospital Discharge Dataset. Patients were divided into three age categories (65-74, 75-84, and 85 +). The impact of age on length of stay, 30-day readmission, in-hospital mortality, and postoperative complications was evaluated. Results During the study period, 47,704 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for CRC. The median postoperative length of stay was 9 days, and 30-day readmission and in-hospital mortality were 4.4% and 0.9%, respectively. Age was found to be an independent risk factor of prolonged length of stay and increased in-hospital mortality. With respect to patients in 65-74 years age category, patients aged 75-84 years and those aged 85 + years had a higher risk of complications (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.36-1.50, and OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.83-2.17, respectively). However, no statistically significant association was found between age and anastomotic leakage or surgical site infection (p = 0.29, and p = 0.58, respectively). Conclusions In patients with CRC who underwent laparoscopic surgery, age was found to be an independent risk factor for prolonged length of stay, in-hospital mortality, and global postoperative complications. These findings should be considered when planning laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients.

Impact of laparoscopic approach on the short-term outcomes of elderly patients with colorectal cancer: a nationwide Italian experience

Barina, Andrea;NARDELLI, MARCO;Gennaro, Nicola;Marchegiani, Francesco;Basso, Cristina;Fedeli, Ugo;Spolverato, Gaya
;
Pucciarelli, Salvatore
2019

Abstract

Introduction The laparoscopic approach is increasingly adopted in colorectal cancer surgery; however, its role in elderly patients is controversial. We sought to examine the relationship between age and short-term outcomes following laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods Data of patients 65 + years old who underwent laparoscopic surgery for CRC between 2002 and 2014 were retrieved from the administrative National Italian Hospital Discharge Dataset. Patients were divided into three age categories (65-74, 75-84, and 85 +). The impact of age on length of stay, 30-day readmission, in-hospital mortality, and postoperative complications was evaluated. Results During the study period, 47,704 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for CRC. The median postoperative length of stay was 9 days, and 30-day readmission and in-hospital mortality were 4.4% and 0.9%, respectively. Age was found to be an independent risk factor of prolonged length of stay and increased in-hospital mortality. With respect to patients in 65-74 years age category, patients aged 75-84 years and those aged 85 + years had a higher risk of complications (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.36-1.50, and OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.83-2.17, respectively). However, no statistically significant association was found between age and anastomotic leakage or surgical site infection (p = 0.29, and p = 0.58, respectively). Conclusions In patients with CRC who underwent laparoscopic surgery, age was found to be an independent risk factor for prolonged length of stay, in-hospital mortality, and global postoperative complications. These findings should be considered when planning laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3313599
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