Secreting pituitary adenomas are tumors for which few treatment options are available, including surgical treatment and management of hormonal imbalance due to altered pituitary secretion. In case of inoperable relapse, radiotherapy or chemotherapeutic treatment can be considered; the effectiveness of these treatments, however, remains limited. In the immunotherapy era, it is necessary to select patients who can benefit from immunotherapeutic treatment. Mismatch repair deficiency is strongly associated with responsiveness to anti-PD-1 in other cancers and can be detected using immunohistochemistry for MLH1, MSH2, MHS6, and PMS2. In this case report, we report a case of rapid disease progression to pembrolizumab in a patient with a MMRd pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting adenoma. For the best of our knowledge, we described for the first time, a poor efficacy of pembrolizumab in a patient with ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma having mismatch repair deficiency probably caused by high levels of cortisol in this patient. Prospective study should be performed to assess the activity of immune checkpoint inhibitor alone or in association with temozolomide in this subsetting of pituitary adenomas.

Rapid disease progression in patient with mismatch-repair deficiency pituitary ACTH-secreting adenoma treated with checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab

Caccese, Mario;Barbot, Mattia;Ceccato, Filippo;Padovan, Marta;Gardiman, Marina Paola;Fassan, Matteo;Denaro, Luca;Emanuelli, Enzo;D'Avella, Domenico;Scaroni, Carla;Zagonel, Vittorina;Lombardi, Giuseppe
2019

Abstract

Secreting pituitary adenomas are tumors for which few treatment options are available, including surgical treatment and management of hormonal imbalance due to altered pituitary secretion. In case of inoperable relapse, radiotherapy or chemotherapeutic treatment can be considered; the effectiveness of these treatments, however, remains limited. In the immunotherapy era, it is necessary to select patients who can benefit from immunotherapeutic treatment. Mismatch repair deficiency is strongly associated with responsiveness to anti-PD-1 in other cancers and can be detected using immunohistochemistry for MLH1, MSH2, MHS6, and PMS2. In this case report, we report a case of rapid disease progression to pembrolizumab in a patient with a MMRd pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting adenoma. For the best of our knowledge, we described for the first time, a poor efficacy of pembrolizumab in a patient with ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma having mismatch repair deficiency probably caused by high levels of cortisol in this patient. Prospective study should be performed to assess the activity of immune checkpoint inhibitor alone or in association with temozolomide in this subsetting of pituitary adenomas.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3318260
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