Relative Measurements systems represent a key technology for next generation space missions that require proximity operations between satellites. Before on-orbit validation, the sensors and algorithms need to be validated in laboratory employing a good fiducial reference of the relative motion and specific calibration procedures concerning the estimation of roto-translation matrices between different reference frames. This paper presents a set of calibration procedures that allow to assess the accuracy in estimating the relative pose between a Target spacecraft, equipped with a set of square markers, and an Inspector satellite moving in proximity and hosting a monocular camera. An external Motion Capture system is used to track the motion of a set of spherical markers attached to both the Target and the Inspector, providing a reliable fiducial reference for the relative pose between the two spacecraft. The proposed calibration procedures were tested using the SPARTANS hardware facility of the University of Padova.

Calibration procedures of a vision-based system for relative motion estimation between satellites flying in proximity

Valmorbida A.
;
Pertile M.
2020

Abstract

Relative Measurements systems represent a key technology for next generation space missions that require proximity operations between satellites. Before on-orbit validation, the sensors and algorithms need to be validated in laboratory employing a good fiducial reference of the relative motion and specific calibration procedures concerning the estimation of roto-translation matrices between different reference frames. This paper presents a set of calibration procedures that allow to assess the accuracy in estimating the relative pose between a Target spacecraft, equipped with a set of square markers, and an Inspector satellite moving in proximity and hosting a monocular camera. An external Motion Capture system is used to track the motion of a set of spherical markers attached to both the Target and the Inspector, providing a reliable fiducial reference for the relative pose between the two spacecraft. The proposed calibration procedures were tested using the SPARTANS hardware facility of the University of Padova.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3321939
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