Purpose: To present the outcomes of the laparoscopic and robotic treatment of pediatric simple renal cysts with two novel modifications: the indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence and the perirenal fat tissue wadding technique. Methods: Between 2012 and 2019, 13 patients with solitary renal cysts were treated through minimally invasive approach. Preoperative work-up included ultrasonography and computed tomography or magnetic resonance. A cyst deroofing was performed in all cases. In the last 3 cases, the ICG fluorescence technique enabled a clear identification and safe puncture of the cyst dome. Five cysts were filled with perirenal fat tissue after deroofing. Results: Thirteen patients (9 boys) were treated through laparoscopic (6 patients), retroperitoneoscopic (3 patients), or robotic approach (4 patients). Median age was 8 years (5-15 years). The median cyst size was 70 mm (42-160 mm). Eight cysts were located in the right kidney. All cysts were progressive and symptomatic. Thirteen cysts (100%) were graded as type II according to the Bosniak classification. No conversion was recorded. The median operative time for laparoscopy was 50 minutes (35-90 minutes) and 85 minutes for robotics (65-120 minutes) including surgical and docking time. No intraoperative complications occurred. The median hospital stay was 2 days (36-96 hours). No residual liquid was detected on follow-up after deroofing and fat tissue wadding technique. Conclusions: Cyst deroofing is an effective and durable treatment for symptomatic simple renal cysts. Robotics enables excellent tissue dissection and ergonomics. The perirenal fat tissue wadding of the cyst seems to reduce the recurrence rate. The ICG fluorescence technique allows for better identification of the cyst and safer surgical procedure.

Laparoscopic or Robotic Deroofing Guided by Indocyanine Green Fluorescence and Perirenal Fat Tissue Wadding Technique of Pediatric Simple Renal Cysts

Esposito, Ciro;Castagnetti, Marco;Esposito, Giovanni;
2020

Abstract

Purpose: To present the outcomes of the laparoscopic and robotic treatment of pediatric simple renal cysts with two novel modifications: the indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence and the perirenal fat tissue wadding technique. Methods: Between 2012 and 2019, 13 patients with solitary renal cysts were treated through minimally invasive approach. Preoperative work-up included ultrasonography and computed tomography or magnetic resonance. A cyst deroofing was performed in all cases. In the last 3 cases, the ICG fluorescence technique enabled a clear identification and safe puncture of the cyst dome. Five cysts were filled with perirenal fat tissue after deroofing. Results: Thirteen patients (9 boys) were treated through laparoscopic (6 patients), retroperitoneoscopic (3 patients), or robotic approach (4 patients). Median age was 8 years (5-15 years). The median cyst size was 70 mm (42-160 mm). Eight cysts were located in the right kidney. All cysts were progressive and symptomatic. Thirteen cysts (100%) were graded as type II according to the Bosniak classification. No conversion was recorded. The median operative time for laparoscopy was 50 minutes (35-90 minutes) and 85 minutes for robotics (65-120 minutes) including surgical and docking time. No intraoperative complications occurred. The median hospital stay was 2 days (36-96 hours). No residual liquid was detected on follow-up after deroofing and fat tissue wadding technique. Conclusions: Cyst deroofing is an effective and durable treatment for symptomatic simple renal cysts. Robotics enables excellent tissue dissection and ergonomics. The perirenal fat tissue wadding of the cyst seems to reduce the recurrence rate. The ICG fluorescence technique allows for better identification of the cyst and safer surgical procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3334305
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