Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is infrequent in the pediatric population. When indicated, surgery is often invasive, painful, and with significant recurrence rate. We aimed to report our preliminary experience using a new endoscopic technique to treat this pathology.Materials and Methods: We reported the data of 11 patients (9 girls and 2 boys) with average age of 15.7 years (range 14-17) with HS, who were operated using endoscopic procedure for a 15-month period. Six patients presented axillary, inguinal, and inframammary localizations, 3 patients presented axillary and inguinal localizations, and 2 patients presented only inguinal localization. Pediatric endoscopic hidradenitis treatment (PEHT) followed the same principles of pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). The fistuloscope was introduced into the different holes, and after using an endobrush, all tracts were cauterized using monopolar electrode or laser energy, and finally the granulation tissues were removed using graspers. At the end of the procedure, all the holes were filled with oxygen-enriched oil-based gel and covered with fat gauze.Results: The average operative time was 47 minutes (range 30-80). All procedures were performed in a day surgery setting or with an overnight hospitalization. All patients reported no pain postoperatively and performed a local dressing with silver sulfadiazine spray and oxygen-enriched oil-based gel two times per day for 1 month postoperatively. At the longest follow-up of 1 year, the lesions were completely healed in all cases. Two patients (18%) developed further lesions in different untreated localizations that were successfully treated using PEHT.Conclusions: PEHT is a minimally invasive, effective, and safe treatment option for pediatric patients with HS. All patients reported a painless postoperative period and excellent results. Postoperative local dressings using oxygen-enriched oil-based gel and silver sulfadiazine spray are fundamental to achieve the complete healing. However, a further evidence with larger series and longer follow-up is required to confirm these preliminary results.

Pediatric Endoscopic Hidradenitis Treatment: A New Minimally Invasive Treatment for Pediatric Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Esposito, Ciro
;
Esposito, Giovanni;Castagnetti, Marco;
2020

Abstract

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is infrequent in the pediatric population. When indicated, surgery is often invasive, painful, and with significant recurrence rate. We aimed to report our preliminary experience using a new endoscopic technique to treat this pathology.Materials and Methods: We reported the data of 11 patients (9 girls and 2 boys) with average age of 15.7 years (range 14-17) with HS, who were operated using endoscopic procedure for a 15-month period. Six patients presented axillary, inguinal, and inframammary localizations, 3 patients presented axillary and inguinal localizations, and 2 patients presented only inguinal localization. Pediatric endoscopic hidradenitis treatment (PEHT) followed the same principles of pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). The fistuloscope was introduced into the different holes, and after using an endobrush, all tracts were cauterized using monopolar electrode or laser energy, and finally the granulation tissues were removed using graspers. At the end of the procedure, all the holes were filled with oxygen-enriched oil-based gel and covered with fat gauze.Results: The average operative time was 47 minutes (range 30-80). All procedures were performed in a day surgery setting or with an overnight hospitalization. All patients reported no pain postoperatively and performed a local dressing with silver sulfadiazine spray and oxygen-enriched oil-based gel two times per day for 1 month postoperatively. At the longest follow-up of 1 year, the lesions were completely healed in all cases. Two patients (18%) developed further lesions in different untreated localizations that were successfully treated using PEHT.Conclusions: PEHT is a minimally invasive, effective, and safe treatment option for pediatric patients with HS. All patients reported a painless postoperative period and excellent results. Postoperative local dressings using oxygen-enriched oil-based gel and silver sulfadiazine spray are fundamental to achieve the complete healing. However, a further evidence with larger series and longer follow-up is required to confirm these preliminary results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3334566
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