The onset of drug resistance represents the leading cause of chemotherapy failure in clinics. In the last decades, natural compounds have emerged as possible anticancer strategies used either alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, in order to overcome drug resistance. In fact, plant-derived therapies present biological activity and minimal side effects showing promising roles in the resensitization of resistant cancer cells. This work was aimed at investigating the anticancer potential of the natural naphthoquinone plumbagin in a cisplatin-resistant cancer cell line. The results indicated cytotoxic and pro-oxidant activity of plumbagin in both sensitive (A431wt) and cisplatin-resistant (A431/Pt) human cervix squamous carcinoma cell lines. Moreover, plumbagin treatment induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A431/Pt cells and the inhibition of retinoblastoma complex, suggesting a stronger activity on the cisplatin-resistant cell line. Taken together, the data indicate appreciable in vitro anticancer activity of plumbagin, suggesting that this natural compound could become a tool to overcome cisplatin resistance. Although further studies are necessary, this work underlines a promising role of plumbagin in the resensitization of cisplatin-resistant cancer cells.

Plumbagin Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in A431 Cisplatin-Resistant Cancer Cells

Isabella Giacomini;Veronica Cocetta;Maria Carrara;Eugenio Ragazzi
;
Monica Montopoli
2020

Abstract

The onset of drug resistance represents the leading cause of chemotherapy failure in clinics. In the last decades, natural compounds have emerged as possible anticancer strategies used either alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, in order to overcome drug resistance. In fact, plant-derived therapies present biological activity and minimal side effects showing promising roles in the resensitization of resistant cancer cells. This work was aimed at investigating the anticancer potential of the natural naphthoquinone plumbagin in a cisplatin-resistant cancer cell line. The results indicated cytotoxic and pro-oxidant activity of plumbagin in both sensitive (A431wt) and cisplatin-resistant (A431/Pt) human cervix squamous carcinoma cell lines. Moreover, plumbagin treatment induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A431/Pt cells and the inhibition of retinoblastoma complex, suggesting a stronger activity on the cisplatin-resistant cell line. Taken together, the data indicate appreciable in vitro anticancer activity of plumbagin, suggesting that this natural compound could become a tool to overcome cisplatin resistance. Although further studies are necessary, this work underlines a promising role of plumbagin in the resensitization of cisplatin-resistant cancer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3336820
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