We present the detection of CO (5-4) with signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) > 7-13 and a lower CO transition with S/N > 3 (CO (4-3) for four galaxies, and CO (3-2) for one) with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array in bands 3 and 4 in five main-sequence (MS) star-forming galaxies with stellar masses (3-6) x 10(10)M(circle dot) at 3 < z < 3.5. We find a good correlation between the total far-infrared luminosity LFIR and the luminosity of the CO (5-4) transition L'(CO(5- 4)), where L'(CO5-4) increases with star formation rate (SFR), indicating that CO (5-4) is a good tracer of the obscured SFR in these galaxies. The two galaxies that lie closer to the star-forming MS have CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED) slopes that are comparable to other star-forming populations, such as local submillimeter galaxies and BzK star-forming galaxies; the three objects with higher specific star formation rates have far steeper CO SLEDs, which possibly indicates a more concentrated episode of star formation. By exploiting the CO SLED slopes to extrapolate the luminosity of the CO (1-0) transition and using a classical conversion factor for MS galaxies of alpha(CO) = 3.8 M-circle dot (K km s(-1) pc(-2))(-1), we find that these galaxies are very gasrich, with molecular gas fractions between 60% and 80% and quite long depletion times, between 0.2 and 1 Gyr. Finally, we obtain dynamical masses that are comparable to the sum of stellar and gas mass (at least for four out of five galaxies), allowing us to put a first constraint on the alpha(CO) parameter for MS galaxies at an unprecedented redshift.

ALMA Reveals the Molecular Gas Properties of Five Star-forming Galaxies across the Main Sequence at 3

Cassata, Paolo;Talia, Margherita;Fiore, Stefano;Romano, Michael;Mancini, Chiara;Morselli, Laura;Rodighiero, Giulia;Rodríguez-Muñoz, Lucía;Enia, Andrea;
2020

Abstract

We present the detection of CO (5-4) with signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) > 7-13 and a lower CO transition with S/N > 3 (CO (4-3) for four galaxies, and CO (3-2) for one) with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array in bands 3 and 4 in five main-sequence (MS) star-forming galaxies with stellar masses (3-6) x 10(10)M(circle dot) at 3 < z < 3.5. We find a good correlation between the total far-infrared luminosity LFIR and the luminosity of the CO (5-4) transition L'(CO(5- 4)), where L'(CO5-4) increases with star formation rate (SFR), indicating that CO (5-4) is a good tracer of the obscured SFR in these galaxies. The two galaxies that lie closer to the star-forming MS have CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED) slopes that are comparable to other star-forming populations, such as local submillimeter galaxies and BzK star-forming galaxies; the three objects with higher specific star formation rates have far steeper CO SLEDs, which possibly indicates a more concentrated episode of star formation. By exploiting the CO SLED slopes to extrapolate the luminosity of the CO (1-0) transition and using a classical conversion factor for MS galaxies of alpha(CO) = 3.8 M-circle dot (K km s(-1) pc(-2))(-1), we find that these galaxies are very gasrich, with molecular gas fractions between 60% and 80% and quite long depletion times, between 0.2 and 1 Gyr. Finally, we obtain dynamical masses that are comparable to the sum of stellar and gas mass (at least for four out of five galaxies), allowing us to put a first constraint on the alpha(CO) parameter for MS galaxies at an unprecedented redshift.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3337725
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact