We recently reported a series of 2,6-dipeptidyl-anthraquinone conjugates (AQs) as Trans-Activation Response element (TAR) RNA-binding agents able to inhibit in vitro the HIV-1 nucleocapsid (NC) protein-mediated processes. Because NC is a highly adaptable nucleic acid chaperone assisting several crucial steps along reverse transcription, in this study we investigate the ability of AQs to interact with other virus-derived nucleic acid structures thus potentially inhibiting multiple NC functions. Focusing on the HIV-1 Primer Binding Site (PBS) RNA sequence, we demonstrate that properly substituted dipeptidyl-anthraquinone conjugates efficiently inhibit the NC-mediated primer annealing in the low micromolar range. Similarly, we extended the analysis to the HIV-1 trans-activator of transcription (Tat) peptide, which has been recently shown to mimic the annealer functions of NC upon interacting with the same nucleic acid regulatory sequences. Our results highlight how RNA-targeting agents can act as multimode inhibitors of key viral proteins affecting their chaperone activity in reverse transcription processes.

Multiple in Vitro Inhibition of HIV-1 Proteins by 2,6-Dipeptidyl-anthraquinone Conjugates Targeting the PBS RNA

Gamba, Elia;Sosic, Alice
;
Gatto, Barbara
2020

Abstract

We recently reported a series of 2,6-dipeptidyl-anthraquinone conjugates (AQs) as Trans-Activation Response element (TAR) RNA-binding agents able to inhibit in vitro the HIV-1 nucleocapsid (NC) protein-mediated processes. Because NC is a highly adaptable nucleic acid chaperone assisting several crucial steps along reverse transcription, in this study we investigate the ability of AQs to interact with other virus-derived nucleic acid structures thus potentially inhibiting multiple NC functions. Focusing on the HIV-1 Primer Binding Site (PBS) RNA sequence, we demonstrate that properly substituted dipeptidyl-anthraquinone conjugates efficiently inhibit the NC-mediated primer annealing in the low micromolar range. Similarly, we extended the analysis to the HIV-1 trans-activator of transcription (Tat) peptide, which has been recently shown to mimic the annealer functions of NC upon interacting with the same nucleic acid regulatory sequences. Our results highlight how RNA-targeting agents can act as multimode inhibitors of key viral proteins affecting their chaperone activity in reverse transcription processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3338666
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