Background and aims Degludec is an ultralong-acting insulin analogue with a flat and reproducible pharmacodynamic profile. As some patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) fail to achieve 24-h coverage with glargine or detemir despite twice-daily injections, we studied the effect of switching T1D patients from twice-daily glargine or detemir to degludec. Methods and Results In this prospective observational study, T1D patients on twice-daily glargine or detemir were enrolled. At baseline and 12 weeks after switching to degludec, we recorded HbA1c, insulin dose, 30-day blood glucose self monitoring (SMBG) or 14-day continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), treatment satisfaction (DTSQ), fear of hypoglycemia (FHS). We included 29 patients (mean age 34 ± 11 years; diabetes duration 18 ± 10 years). After switching to degludec, HbA1c decreased from 7.9 ± 0.6% (63 ± 6 mmol/mol) to 7.7 ± 0.6% (61 ± 6 mmol/mol; p = 0.028). SMBG showed significant reductions in the percent and number of blood glucose values <70 mg/dl and in the low blood glucose index (LBGI) during nighttime. CGM showed a significant reduction of time spent in hypoglycemia, an increase in daytime spent in target 70–180 mg/dl, and a reduction in glucose variability. Total insulin dose declined by 17% (p < 0.001), with 24% reduction in basal and 10% reduction in prandial insulin. DTSQ and FHS significantly improved. Conclusion Switching from twice-daily glargine or detemir to once daily degludec improved HbA1c, glucose profile, hypoglycemia risk and treatment satisfaction, while insulin doses decreased. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02360254.

Switching from twice-daily glargine or detemir to once-daily degludec improves glucose control in type 1 diabetes. An observational study

Galasso S.;Bonora B. M.;Mariano V.;Boscari F.;Cipponeri E.;Maran A.;Avogaro A.;Fadini G. P.;Bruttomesso D.
2016

Abstract

Background and aims Degludec is an ultralong-acting insulin analogue with a flat and reproducible pharmacodynamic profile. As some patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) fail to achieve 24-h coverage with glargine or detemir despite twice-daily injections, we studied the effect of switching T1D patients from twice-daily glargine or detemir to degludec. Methods and Results In this prospective observational study, T1D patients on twice-daily glargine or detemir were enrolled. At baseline and 12 weeks after switching to degludec, we recorded HbA1c, insulin dose, 30-day blood glucose self monitoring (SMBG) or 14-day continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), treatment satisfaction (DTSQ), fear of hypoglycemia (FHS). We included 29 patients (mean age 34 ± 11 years; diabetes duration 18 ± 10 years). After switching to degludec, HbA1c decreased from 7.9 ± 0.6% (63 ± 6 mmol/mol) to 7.7 ± 0.6% (61 ± 6 mmol/mol; p = 0.028). SMBG showed significant reductions in the percent and number of blood glucose values <70 mg/dl and in the low blood glucose index (LBGI) during nighttime. CGM showed a significant reduction of time spent in hypoglycemia, an increase in daytime spent in target 70–180 mg/dl, and a reduction in glucose variability. Total insulin dose declined by 17% (p < 0.001), with 24% reduction in basal and 10% reduction in prandial insulin. DTSQ and FHS significantly improved. Conclusion Switching from twice-daily glargine or detemir to once daily degludec improved HbA1c, glucose profile, hypoglycemia risk and treatment satisfaction, while insulin doses decreased. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02360254.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3343951
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