Glyphosate is the most common herbicide worldwide, and its impact on the environment has increasingly been scrutinized. Glyphosate-based formulations can contain co-formulants, among which are surfactants. This study aimed to investigate whether the presence of an alkyl polyglucoside-based surfactant, Triton CG-110, affects the adsorption, leaching, and mineralisation of glyphosate in the soil. The experiments were conducted in two soils with different textures (sandy and clay) and in washed sand. Glyphosate and surfactant mixtures were applied at realistic field rates. Because of ponding and scarce leaching from the field soil, the leaching experiments were conducted only with washed sand. The results indicate a reduction of glyphosate adsorption in washed sand (from Kf = 13.5 to 3.99 μg1−1/n (ml)1/n g−1) and in sandy soil (from Kf = 165 to 90.8 μg1−1/ n (ml)1/n g−1) when using a Triton CG-110 concentration of 0.5 %, which corresponds to that of a spraying solution applied in the field, whereas adsorption in clay soil was unaffected. Triton CG-110 did not significantly affect glyphosate leaching in washed sand or mineralisation in any of the tested soils. The results indicate that Triton CG-110 is unlikely to significantly affect the environmental fate of glyphosate in the soil at environmentally relevant concentrations.

Decyl glucoside surfactant Triton CG-110 does not significantly affect the environmental fate of glyphosate in the soil at environmentally relevant concentrations

Carretta L.
;
Cardinali A.;Masin R.;Zanin G.;
2020

Abstract

Glyphosate is the most common herbicide worldwide, and its impact on the environment has increasingly been scrutinized. Glyphosate-based formulations can contain co-formulants, among which are surfactants. This study aimed to investigate whether the presence of an alkyl polyglucoside-based surfactant, Triton CG-110, affects the adsorption, leaching, and mineralisation of glyphosate in the soil. The experiments were conducted in two soils with different textures (sandy and clay) and in washed sand. Glyphosate and surfactant mixtures were applied at realistic field rates. Because of ponding and scarce leaching from the field soil, the leaching experiments were conducted only with washed sand. The results indicate a reduction of glyphosate adsorption in washed sand (from Kf = 13.5 to 3.99 μg1−1/n (ml)1/n g−1) and in sandy soil (from Kf = 165 to 90.8 μg1−1/ n (ml)1/n g−1) when using a Triton CG-110 concentration of 0.5 %, which corresponds to that of a spraying solution applied in the field, whereas adsorption in clay soil was unaffected. Triton CG-110 did not significantly affect glyphosate leaching in washed sand or mineralisation in any of the tested soils. The results indicate that Triton CG-110 is unlikely to significantly affect the environmental fate of glyphosate in the soil at environmentally relevant concentrations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3348868
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