Vibrations of two typical bicycles are measured by means of road tests in bicycle lanes. The analysis of experimental results in terms of power spectral density (PSD) of the acceleration components shows that most of the energy associated to bicycle vibrations is concentrated in a low frequency band (<30 Hz). Since piezoelectric cantilever harvesters achieve the best performance in resonance and the resonant frequency is well above 30 Hz, specific tuning strategies are adopted. A novel mathematical model for simulating the electro-mechanical behaviour of a piezoelectric harvester equipped with an auxiliary oscillator is proposed. Calculated results show the potentialities of this tuning device in terms of generated voltage and stress inside the piezoelectric layer. Prototypes of harvesters equipped with auxiliary oscillators are built and tested in the laboratory obtaining the frequency response function (FRF) of generated voltage. Finally, the average electric power generated by these harvesters (which are assumed to be interfaced to an electronic load by a power management unit based on synchronous rectifying technique) is simulated by using the measured FRFs and PSDs of bicycle vibrations.

Energy Harvesting from Bicycle Vibrations by Means of Tuned Piezoelectric Generators

Doria, Alberto;Marconi, Edoardo;Moro, Federico
2020

Abstract

Vibrations of two typical bicycles are measured by means of road tests in bicycle lanes. The analysis of experimental results in terms of power spectral density (PSD) of the acceleration components shows that most of the energy associated to bicycle vibrations is concentrated in a low frequency band (<30 Hz). Since piezoelectric cantilever harvesters achieve the best performance in resonance and the resonant frequency is well above 30 Hz, specific tuning strategies are adopted. A novel mathematical model for simulating the electro-mechanical behaviour of a piezoelectric harvester equipped with an auxiliary oscillator is proposed. Calculated results show the potentialities of this tuning device in terms of generated voltage and stress inside the piezoelectric layer. Prototypes of harvesters equipped with auxiliary oscillators are built and tested in the laboratory obtaining the frequency response function (FRF) of generated voltage. Finally, the average electric power generated by these harvesters (which are assumed to be interfaced to an electronic load by a power management unit based on synchronous rectifying technique) is simulated by using the measured FRFs and PSDs of bicycle vibrations.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3349662
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact