Pediatric adrenocortical tumors (ACT) are rare and sometimes aggressive malignancies, but there is no consensus on the outcome predictors in children. A systematic search of MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for studies from 1994 to 2020 about pediatric ACT was performed. In 42 studies, 1006 patients, aged 0-18 years, were included. The meta-analyses resulted in the following predictors of better outcome: age <4 years (P < .00001), nonsecreting tumors (P = .004), complete surgical resection (P < .00001), tumor volume (P < .0001), tumor weight (P < .00001), tumor maximum diameter (P = .0009), and Stage I disease (P < .00001). Moreover, patients affected by Cushing syndrome showed a worse outcome (P < .0001). International prospective studies should be implemented to standardize clinical prognostic factors evaluation, together with pathological scores, in the stratification of pediatric ACT.

Clinical prognostic factors in pediatric adrenocortical tumors: A meta-analysis

Zambaiti, Elisa;Duci, Miriam;De Corti, Federica;Gamba, Piergiorgio;Dall'Igna, Patrizia;Ghidini, Filippo;Virgone, Calogero
2020

Abstract

Pediatric adrenocortical tumors (ACT) are rare and sometimes aggressive malignancies, but there is no consensus on the outcome predictors in children. A systematic search of MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for studies from 1994 to 2020 about pediatric ACT was performed. In 42 studies, 1006 patients, aged 0-18 years, were included. The meta-analyses resulted in the following predictors of better outcome: age <4 years (P < .00001), nonsecreting tumors (P = .004), complete surgical resection (P < .00001), tumor volume (P < .0001), tumor weight (P < .00001), tumor maximum diameter (P = .0009), and Stage I disease (P < .00001). Moreover, patients affected by Cushing syndrome showed a worse outcome (P < .0001). International prospective studies should be implemented to standardize clinical prognostic factors evaluation, together with pathological scores, in the stratification of pediatric ACT.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3361173
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