The aim of this study was to investigate whether the echo intensity (EI) of the paraneural area (PA), the median nerve (MN) at the carpal tunnel, the EI of the myofascial structure (MS) around MN, the ‘PA and MN’ at the mid-forearm, and the MN transversal displacement at both sites differs between persons with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and control subjects. Methods: In total, 16 CTS patients and 16 controls, age- and gender-matched, were recruited. Cross-sectional ultrasound images of MN were obtained to evaluate the EI of the PA, the MN at carpal tunnel, the EI of MS, and the ‘PA and MN’ at the mid-forearm in a natural position, then images were taken after a whole-hand grasp movement, to evaluate MN transversal displacement. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in control, and differences in the EI and MN displacement between CTS and control, were analyzed. In addition, the correlations between ultrasound parameters and MN displacement were evaluated. Results: The quantitative EI of PA, MN, EI of MS, ‘PA and MN’ had high inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in the control. The EI of PA, MS and ‘PA and MN’ were significantly higher in CTS subjects (p < 0.01), whilst there was no significant difference in the EI of MN at the carpal tunnel. MN displacement was significantly decreased both at the carpal tunnel and the mid-forearm in CTS subjects (p < 0.01). In addition, there were negative correlations among the EI of PA (rs = −0.484, p = 0.004), EI of MS (rs = −0.479, p = 0.002), EI of ‘PA and MN’ (rs = −0.605, p < 0.001) and MN transversal displacement. Conclusions: The higher EI of PA and MS around MN in CTS may indicate greater fibrosis along the course of MN, reducing fascial adaptability, influencing the synergy and coordination of the MS, and increasing the shear stress between MS and MN, and it may further increase the abnormal pressure on the MN not only at the carpal tunnel, but also at the mid-forearm. These results may partly explain the role of PA and MS in CTS pathogenesis.

Quantitative evaluation of the echo intensity of paraneural area and myofascial structure around median nerve in carpal tunnel syndrome

Fan C.;Fede C.;Pirri C.;Guidolin D.;Biz C.;Macchi V.;de Caro R.;Stecco C.
2020

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the echo intensity (EI) of the paraneural area (PA), the median nerve (MN) at the carpal tunnel, the EI of the myofascial structure (MS) around MN, the ‘PA and MN’ at the mid-forearm, and the MN transversal displacement at both sites differs between persons with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and control subjects. Methods: In total, 16 CTS patients and 16 controls, age- and gender-matched, were recruited. Cross-sectional ultrasound images of MN were obtained to evaluate the EI of the PA, the MN at carpal tunnel, the EI of MS, and the ‘PA and MN’ at the mid-forearm in a natural position, then images were taken after a whole-hand grasp movement, to evaluate MN transversal displacement. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in control, and differences in the EI and MN displacement between CTS and control, were analyzed. In addition, the correlations between ultrasound parameters and MN displacement were evaluated. Results: The quantitative EI of PA, MN, EI of MS, ‘PA and MN’ had high inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in the control. The EI of PA, MS and ‘PA and MN’ were significantly higher in CTS subjects (p < 0.01), whilst there was no significant difference in the EI of MN at the carpal tunnel. MN displacement was significantly decreased both at the carpal tunnel and the mid-forearm in CTS subjects (p < 0.01). In addition, there were negative correlations among the EI of PA (rs = −0.484, p = 0.004), EI of MS (rs = −0.479, p = 0.002), EI of ‘PA and MN’ (rs = −0.605, p < 0.001) and MN transversal displacement. Conclusions: The higher EI of PA and MS around MN in CTS may indicate greater fibrosis along the course of MN, reducing fascial adaptability, influencing the synergy and coordination of the MS, and increasing the shear stress between MS and MN, and it may further increase the abnormal pressure on the MN not only at the carpal tunnel, but also at the mid-forearm. These results may partly explain the role of PA and MS in CTS pathogenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3364868
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