47Sc is one of the most promising theranostic radionuclides, thanks to its low energy γ-ray emission (159 keV), suitable for SPECT imaging and its intense β-emission, useful for tumor treatment. Despite promising preclinical results, the translation of 47Sc-therapeutic agents to the clinic is hampered by its limited availability. Among different47Sc-production routes currently being investigated, the recently reported natV(p,x)47Sc reaction has proved to be of particular interest, thanks to the low-cost and easy availability on the market ofnatV material and the diffusion of medium energy proton cyclotrons. However, the cross section of this specific nuclear reaction is quite low and small amounts of Sc-contaminants are co-produced at energies EP≤ 45 MeV, namely48Sc and46Sc. The main concern with these Sc-contaminants is their contribution to the patient absorbed dose. For such a reason, the absorbed dose contributions to healthy organs and the effective dose contributions by the three radioisotopes,48Sc,47Sc and46Sc, were evaluated using DOTA-folate conjugate (cm10) as an example of radiopharmaceutical product. Considering as acceptable the limits of 99% for the radionuclidic purity and 10% for the contribution of radioactive Sc-contaminants to the total effective dose after 47Sc-cm10 injection, it was obtained that proton beam energies below 35 MeV must be used to produce47Sc through irradiation of anatV target.

Preliminary dosimetric analysis of DOTA-folate radiopharmaceutical radiolabelled with 47Sc produced through natV(p,x)47Sc cyclotron irradiation

De Nardo, Laura
;
Furlanetto, Davide;Rosato, Antonio;Esposito, Juan;Meléndez-Alafort, Laura
2021

Abstract

47Sc is one of the most promising theranostic radionuclides, thanks to its low energy γ-ray emission (159 keV), suitable for SPECT imaging and its intense β-emission, useful for tumor treatment. Despite promising preclinical results, the translation of 47Sc-therapeutic agents to the clinic is hampered by its limited availability. Among different47Sc-production routes currently being investigated, the recently reported natV(p,x)47Sc reaction has proved to be of particular interest, thanks to the low-cost and easy availability on the market ofnatV material and the diffusion of medium energy proton cyclotrons. However, the cross section of this specific nuclear reaction is quite low and small amounts of Sc-contaminants are co-produced at energies EP≤ 45 MeV, namely48Sc and46Sc. The main concern with these Sc-contaminants is their contribution to the patient absorbed dose. For such a reason, the absorbed dose contributions to healthy organs and the effective dose contributions by the three radioisotopes,48Sc,47Sc and46Sc, were evaluated using DOTA-folate conjugate (cm10) as an example of radiopharmaceutical product. Considering as acceptable the limits of 99% for the radionuclidic purity and 10% for the contribution of radioactive Sc-contaminants to the total effective dose after 47Sc-cm10 injection, it was obtained that proton beam energies below 35 MeV must be used to produce47Sc through irradiation of anatV target.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
De+Nardo+et+al_2020_Phys._Med._Biol._10.1088_1361-6560_abc811.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Postprint (accepted version)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.66 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.66 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3366321
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact