To describe the computed tomographic (CT) features of focal liver lesions (FLLs) in dogs, that could enable predicting lesion histotype. Dogs diagnosed with FLLs through both CT and cytopathology and/or histopathology were retrospectively collected. Ten qualitative and 6 quantitative CT features have been described for each case. Lastly, a machine learning-based decision tree was developed to predict the lesion histotype. Four categories of FLLs - hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 13), nodular hyperplasia (NH, n = 19), other benign lesions (OBL, n = 18), and other malignant lesions (OML, n = 19) - were evaluated in 69 dogs. Five of the observed qualitative CT features resulted to be statistically significant in the distinction between the 4 categories: surface, appearance, lymph-node appearance, capsule formation, and homogeneity of contrast medium distribution. Three of the observed quantitative CT features were significantly different between the 4 categories: the Hounsfield Units (HU) of the radiologically normal liver parenchyma during the pre-contrast scan, the maximum dimension, and the ellipsoid volume of the lesion. Using the machine learning-based decision tree, it was possible to correctly classify NHs, OBLs, HCCs, and OMLs with an accuracy of 0.74, 0.88, 0.87, and 0.75, respectively. The developed decision tree could be an easy-to-use tool to predict the histotype of different FLLs in dogs. Cytology and histology are necessary to obtain the final diagnosis of the lesions.

Diagnostic accuracy of delayed phase post contrast computed tomographic images in the diagnosis of focal liver lesions in dogs: 69 cases.

Burti Silvia;Zotti Alessandro;Bonsembiante Federico;Contiero Barbara;Banzato Tommaso
2021

Abstract

To describe the computed tomographic (CT) features of focal liver lesions (FLLs) in dogs, that could enable predicting lesion histotype. Dogs diagnosed with FLLs through both CT and cytopathology and/or histopathology were retrospectively collected. Ten qualitative and 6 quantitative CT features have been described for each case. Lastly, a machine learning-based decision tree was developed to predict the lesion histotype. Four categories of FLLs - hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 13), nodular hyperplasia (NH, n = 19), other benign lesions (OBL, n = 18), and other malignant lesions (OML, n = 19) - were evaluated in 69 dogs. Five of the observed qualitative CT features resulted to be statistically significant in the distinction between the 4 categories: surface, appearance, lymph-node appearance, capsule formation, and homogeneity of contrast medium distribution. Three of the observed quantitative CT features were significantly different between the 4 categories: the Hounsfield Units (HU) of the radiologically normal liver parenchyma during the pre-contrast scan, the maximum dimension, and the ellipsoid volume of the lesion. Using the machine learning-based decision tree, it was possible to correctly classify NHs, OBLs, HCCs, and OMLs with an accuracy of 0.74, 0.88, 0.87, and 0.75, respectively. The developed decision tree could be an easy-to-use tool to predict the histotype of different FLLs in dogs. Cytology and histology are necessary to obtain the final diagnosis of the lesions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3387838
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