Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is a familial cardiac disorder at high risk of arrhythmic sudden death in the young and athletes. AC is hallmarked by myocardial replacement with fibro-fatty tissue, favoring life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias and contractile dysfunction. The AC pathogenesis is unclear, and the disease urgently needs mechanism-driven therapies. Current AC research is mainly focused on 'desmosome-carrying' cardiomyocytes, but desmosomal proteins are also expressed by non-myocyte cells, which also harbor AC variants, including mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Consistently, cardiac-MSCs contribute to adipose tissue in human AC hearts. We thus approached AC as a multicellular disorder, hypothesizing that it also affects extra-cardiac bone marrow (BM)-MSCs. Our results show changes in the desmosomal protein profile of both cardiac- and BM- MSCs, from desmoglein-2 (Dsg2)-mutant mice, accompanied with profound alterations in cytoskeletal organization, which are directly caused by AC-linked DSG2 downregulation. In addition, AC BM-MSCs display increased proliferation rate, both in vitro and in vivo, and, by using the principle of the competition homing assay, we demonstrated that mutant circulating BM-MSCs have increased propensity to migrate to the AC heart. Taken altogether, our results indicate that cardiac- and BM- MSCs are additional cell types affected in Dsg2-linked AC, warranting the novel classification of AC as a multicellular and multiorgan disease.

Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy Is a Multicellular Disease Affecting Cardiac and Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Scalco, Arianna;Liboni, Cristina;Angioni, Roberta;Di Bona, Anna;Albiero, Mattia;Bertoldi, Nicole;Fadini, Gian Paolo;Thiene, Gaetano;Basso, Cristina;Viola, Antonella;Mongillo, Marco;Zaglia, Tania
2021

Abstract

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is a familial cardiac disorder at high risk of arrhythmic sudden death in the young and athletes. AC is hallmarked by myocardial replacement with fibro-fatty tissue, favoring life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias and contractile dysfunction. The AC pathogenesis is unclear, and the disease urgently needs mechanism-driven therapies. Current AC research is mainly focused on 'desmosome-carrying' cardiomyocytes, but desmosomal proteins are also expressed by non-myocyte cells, which also harbor AC variants, including mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Consistently, cardiac-MSCs contribute to adipose tissue in human AC hearts. We thus approached AC as a multicellular disorder, hypothesizing that it also affects extra-cardiac bone marrow (BM)-MSCs. Our results show changes in the desmosomal protein profile of both cardiac- and BM- MSCs, from desmoglein-2 (Dsg2)-mutant mice, accompanied with profound alterations in cytoskeletal organization, which are directly caused by AC-linked DSG2 downregulation. In addition, AC BM-MSCs display increased proliferation rate, both in vitro and in vivo, and, by using the principle of the competition homing assay, we demonstrated that mutant circulating BM-MSCs have increased propensity to migrate to the AC heart. Taken altogether, our results indicate that cardiac- and BM- MSCs are additional cell types affected in Dsg2-linked AC, warranting the novel classification of AC as a multicellular and multiorgan disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3389869
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