Juvenile osteoperiostites (JOP) are a group of inflammatory bone diseases whose differential diagnosis is often difficult. The main conditions are acute osteomyelitis (AOM), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) and the Goldbloom syndrome (GS). The study was aimed to develop an algorithm to enable an early diagnosis of JOP. Clinical records of patients with AOM, CNO and GS, followed at our Center over the past 10 years, were reviewed. Twelve additional patients with GS were selected from PubMed/MEDLINE literature search. Data collected included demographics, clinical manifestations, laboratory and instrumental investigations at disease onset. The association between categorical variables was investigated, and the segmentation of patients with different diagnoses was analyzed through a classification tree model (CTREE package) in order to build up a diagnostic algorithm. Ninety-two patients (33 CNO, 44 AOM, 15 GS) entered the study. Among 30 variables considered at onset, nine (age at onset, fever, weight loss, symmetry, focality, functional limitation, anemia, elevated ESR, CRP) resulted statistically significant in differentiating the three clinical entities from each other and were chosen to build up a decisional tree. Three variables, symmetry of bone involvement, presence of fever and age at disease onset, resulted significant to discriminate each of the three diseases from the others. The performance of the diagnostic algorithm was validated by comparing the diagnoses provided by the model with the real diagnoses and showed 85.9% accuracy. Conclusion: We propose a diagnostic algorithm, based on simple clinical data, which can help guide a prompt and appropriate diagnosis of JOP.What is Known:• Juvenile osteoperiostitis (JOP) are a group of inflammatory bone diseases followed by various pediatric specialists.• The distinction between these conditions is not easy as clinical and laboratory features often overlap.What is New:• We propose a diagnostic algorithm, based on clinical data of real patients, with high degree accuracy.• This instrument can help guide the prompt and appropriate diagnosis of JOP.

Osteoperiostitis in children: proposal for a diagnostic algorithm

Zulian F.;Marigo E.;Vittadello F.;Giraudo C.;Meneghel A.;Martini G.
2021

Abstract

Juvenile osteoperiostites (JOP) are a group of inflammatory bone diseases whose differential diagnosis is often difficult. The main conditions are acute osteomyelitis (AOM), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) and the Goldbloom syndrome (GS). The study was aimed to develop an algorithm to enable an early diagnosis of JOP. Clinical records of patients with AOM, CNO and GS, followed at our Center over the past 10 years, were reviewed. Twelve additional patients with GS were selected from PubMed/MEDLINE literature search. Data collected included demographics, clinical manifestations, laboratory and instrumental investigations at disease onset. The association between categorical variables was investigated, and the segmentation of patients with different diagnoses was analyzed through a classification tree model (CTREE package) in order to build up a diagnostic algorithm. Ninety-two patients (33 CNO, 44 AOM, 15 GS) entered the study. Among 30 variables considered at onset, nine (age at onset, fever, weight loss, symmetry, focality, functional limitation, anemia, elevated ESR, CRP) resulted statistically significant in differentiating the three clinical entities from each other and were chosen to build up a decisional tree. Three variables, symmetry of bone involvement, presence of fever and age at disease onset, resulted significant to discriminate each of the three diseases from the others. The performance of the diagnostic algorithm was validated by comparing the diagnoses provided by the model with the real diagnoses and showed 85.9% accuracy. Conclusion: We propose a diagnostic algorithm, based on simple clinical data, which can help guide a prompt and appropriate diagnosis of JOP.What is Known:• Juvenile osteoperiostitis (JOP) are a group of inflammatory bone diseases followed by various pediatric specialists.• The distinction between these conditions is not easy as clinical and laboratory features often overlap.What is New:• We propose a diagnostic algorithm, based on clinical data of real patients, with high degree accuracy.• This instrument can help guide the prompt and appropriate diagnosis of JOP.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3390575
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