The unsatisfactory cure rate of relapsing ALK-positive Anaplastic Large-Cell Lymphoma (ALCL) of childhood calls for the identification of new prognostic markers. Here, the small RNA landscape of pediatric ALK-positive ALCL was defined by RNA sequencing. Overall, 121 miRNAs were significantly dysregulated in ALCL compared to non-neoplastic lymph nodes. The most up-regulated miRNA was miR-21-5p, whereas miR-19a-3p and miR-214-5p were reduced in ALCL. Characterization of miRNA expression in cases that relapsed after first line therapy disclosed a significant association between miR-214-5p down-regulation and aggressive non-common histology. Our results suggest that miR-214-5p level may help to refine the prognostic stratification of pediatric ALK-positive ALCL.

Low miR-214-5p Expression Correlates With Aggressive Subtypes of Pediatric ALCL With Non-Common Histology

Di Battista, Piero;Lovisa, Federica;Gaffo, Enrico;Gallingani, Ilaria;Damanti, Carlotta C;Garbin, Anna;Ferrone, Lavinia;Pizzi, Marco;Guzzardo, Vincenza;Dei Tos, Angelo Paolo;Biffi, Alessandra;Bortoluzzi, Stefania;Mussolin, Lara
2021

Abstract

The unsatisfactory cure rate of relapsing ALK-positive Anaplastic Large-Cell Lymphoma (ALCL) of childhood calls for the identification of new prognostic markers. Here, the small RNA landscape of pediatric ALK-positive ALCL was defined by RNA sequencing. Overall, 121 miRNAs were significantly dysregulated in ALCL compared to non-neoplastic lymph nodes. The most up-regulated miRNA was miR-21-5p, whereas miR-19a-3p and miR-214-5p were reduced in ALCL. Characterization of miRNA expression in cases that relapsed after first line therapy disclosed a significant association between miR-214-5p down-regulation and aggressive non-common histology. Our results suggest that miR-214-5p level may help to refine the prognostic stratification of pediatric ALK-positive ALCL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3393123
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