Purpose: To report preliminary outcomes of Viabahn Balloon-Expandable Endoprosthesis (VBX) stent-graft as bridging stent for renal arteries in fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). Materials and Methods: Between 2018 and 2019, patients undergoing FEVAR at 3 referral Italian university hospitals were prospectively collected. During the study period, VBX was the first-line choice as bridging stent for renal arteries. Procedural and anatomical data were analyzed, including renal artery (RA) configuration. A dedicated software (3Mensio, Vascular Imaging, Bilthoeven, The Netherlands) was used and RA anatomy classified as follow: upward-oriented in case of any angle >30° above the horizontal or transverse axis perpendicular to the aortic axis, downward-oriented if there was an angle >30° measured below the transverse axis and downward + upward in case of an angle <30° associated with a renal artery angulation >90°. Primary endpoints were technical success, defined as complete deployment of the fenestrated endograft without target vessel (TV) loss, limb stenosis or occlusion and type I or III endoleak, and freedom from target artery instability (TAI), defined by target vessel-related death, occlusion, rupture or reintervention for stenosis, endoleak or disconnection. Secondary endpoints were target artery patency rate and freedom from reinterventions. Results: A total of 26 elective FEVAR for juxta/pararenal aneurysm (20), thoracoabdominal type II (3) and type IV (3) were included. Fifty-one RA were planned for revascularization. Of these, 32 were downward, 10 horizontal, 6 upward, 4 were downward + upward. Technical success was achieved in 88.5% (23/26) of patients and 94.2% (48/51) of the TVs. One occlusion (2.1%) occurred within 30 days in a patient with previous endovascular aortic repair and suprarenal fixation. During follow-up (median 10 months), there was 1 type IC endoleak after 6 months (2.1%) in a patient with upward plus downward arterial orientation. Freedom from TAI was 96.1% (CI = 0.89 to 1.04) at first month and 92.3% (CI = 0.82 to 1.03) at 6 months. No aneurysm-related mortality and renal insufficiency occurred during follow-up. Conclusion: The use of VBX as bridging stent of RA in FEVAR is safe and feasible. Previous EVAR and tortuosity of RA may be a challenging on target vessel fate.

Preliminary Outcomes of Viabahn Balloon-Expandable Endoprosthesis as Bridging Stent in Renal Arteries During Fenestrated Endovascular Aortic Repair

Mastrorilli D.;Piazza M.;Squizzato F.;Antonello M.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To report preliminary outcomes of Viabahn Balloon-Expandable Endoprosthesis (VBX) stent-graft as bridging stent for renal arteries in fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). Materials and Methods: Between 2018 and 2019, patients undergoing FEVAR at 3 referral Italian university hospitals were prospectively collected. During the study period, VBX was the first-line choice as bridging stent for renal arteries. Procedural and anatomical data were analyzed, including renal artery (RA) configuration. A dedicated software (3Mensio, Vascular Imaging, Bilthoeven, The Netherlands) was used and RA anatomy classified as follow: upward-oriented in case of any angle >30° above the horizontal or transverse axis perpendicular to the aortic axis, downward-oriented if there was an angle >30° measured below the transverse axis and downward + upward in case of an angle <30° associated with a renal artery angulation >90°. Primary endpoints were technical success, defined as complete deployment of the fenestrated endograft without target vessel (TV) loss, limb stenosis or occlusion and type I or III endoleak, and freedom from target artery instability (TAI), defined by target vessel-related death, occlusion, rupture or reintervention for stenosis, endoleak or disconnection. Secondary endpoints were target artery patency rate and freedom from reinterventions. Results: A total of 26 elective FEVAR for juxta/pararenal aneurysm (20), thoracoabdominal type II (3) and type IV (3) were included. Fifty-one RA were planned for revascularization. Of these, 32 were downward, 10 horizontal, 6 upward, 4 were downward + upward. Technical success was achieved in 88.5% (23/26) of patients and 94.2% (48/51) of the TVs. One occlusion (2.1%) occurred within 30 days in a patient with previous endovascular aortic repair and suprarenal fixation. During follow-up (median 10 months), there was 1 type IC endoleak after 6 months (2.1%) in a patient with upward plus downward arterial orientation. Freedom from TAI was 96.1% (CI = 0.89 to 1.04) at first month and 92.3% (CI = 0.82 to 1.03) at 6 months. No aneurysm-related mortality and renal insufficiency occurred during follow-up. Conclusion: The use of VBX as bridging stent of RA in FEVAR is safe and feasible. Previous EVAR and tortuosity of RA may be a challenging on target vessel fate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3396407
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