The knowledge of key vehicle states is crucial to guarantee adequate safety levels for modern passenger cars, for which active safety control systems are lifesavers. In this regard, vehicle sideslip angle is a pivotal state for the characterization of lateral vehicle behavior. However, measuring sideslip angle is expensive and unpractical, which has led to many years of research on techniques to estimate it instead. This paper presents a novel method to estimate vehicle sideslip angle, with an innovative combination of a kinematic-based approach and a dynamic-based approach: part of the output of the kinematic-based approach is fed as input to the dynamic-based approach, and vice-versa. The dynamic-based approach exploits an Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) with a double-track vehicle model and a modified Dugoff tire model, that is simple yet ensures accuracy similar to the well-known Magic Formula. The proposed method is successfully assessed on a large amount of experimental data obtained on different race tracks, and compared with a traditional approach presented in the literature. Results show that the sideslip angle is estimated with an average error of 0.5 deg, and that the implemented cross-combination allows to further improve the estimation of the vehicle longitudinal velocity compared to current state-of-the-art techniques, with interesting perspectives for future onboard implementation.

Cross-combined UKF for vehicle sideslip angle estimation with a modified Dugoff tire model: design and experimental results

Lenzo B.;
2021

Abstract

The knowledge of key vehicle states is crucial to guarantee adequate safety levels for modern passenger cars, for which active safety control systems are lifesavers. In this regard, vehicle sideslip angle is a pivotal state for the characterization of lateral vehicle behavior. However, measuring sideslip angle is expensive and unpractical, which has led to many years of research on techniques to estimate it instead. This paper presents a novel method to estimate vehicle sideslip angle, with an innovative combination of a kinematic-based approach and a dynamic-based approach: part of the output of the kinematic-based approach is fed as input to the dynamic-based approach, and vice-versa. The dynamic-based approach exploits an Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) with a double-track vehicle model and a modified Dugoff tire model, that is simple yet ensures accuracy similar to the well-known Magic Formula. The proposed method is successfully assessed on a large amount of experimental data obtained on different race tracks, and compared with a traditional approach presented in the literature. Results show that the sideslip angle is estimated with an average error of 0.5 deg, and that the implemented cross-combination allows to further improve the estimation of the vehicle longitudinal velocity compared to current state-of-the-art techniques, with interesting perspectives for future onboard implementation.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3402845
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