NOTCH1/FBXW7 (N/F) mutational status at diagnosis is employed for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients' stratification in the international protocol LBL 2018. Our aim was to validate the prognostic role of Minimal Disseminated Disease (MDD) alone and in combination with N/F mutational status in a large retrospective series of LBL pediatric patients. MDD was analyzed in 132 bone marrow and/or peripheral blood samples by flow cytometry. Mutations in N/F genes were analyzed on 58 T-LBL tumor biopsies. Using the previously established cut-off of 3%, the four-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 57% for stage I-III patients with MDD ≥ 3% versus 80% for patients with MDD inferior to cut-off (p = 0.068). We found a significant worsening in the four-year PFS for nonmutated (51 ± 12%) compared to mutated patients (100%, p = 0.0013). Combining MDD and N/F mutational status in a subgroup of available cases, we found a statistically significant difference in the four-year PFS for different risk groups (p = 0.0012). Overall, our results demonstrate that N/F mutational status has a more relevant prognostic value than MDD at diagnosis. However, the combination of N/F mutations with MDD analysis could identify patients with very aggressive disease, which might benefit from a more intensive treatment.

Prognostic Role of Minimal Disseminated Disease and NOTCH1/FBXW7 Mutational Status in Children with Lymphoblastic Lymphoma: The AIEOP Experience

Lovisa, Federica;Gallingani, Ilaria;Pasin, Cristiano;Michielotto, Barbara;Garbin, Anna;Damanti, Carlotta Caterina;Pizzi, Marco;Biffi, Alessandra;Buldini, Barbara;Mussolin, Lara
2021

Abstract

NOTCH1/FBXW7 (N/F) mutational status at diagnosis is employed for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients' stratification in the international protocol LBL 2018. Our aim was to validate the prognostic role of Minimal Disseminated Disease (MDD) alone and in combination with N/F mutational status in a large retrospective series of LBL pediatric patients. MDD was analyzed in 132 bone marrow and/or peripheral blood samples by flow cytometry. Mutations in N/F genes were analyzed on 58 T-LBL tumor biopsies. Using the previously established cut-off of 3%, the four-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 57% for stage I-III patients with MDD ≥ 3% versus 80% for patients with MDD inferior to cut-off (p = 0.068). We found a significant worsening in the four-year PFS for nonmutated (51 ± 12%) compared to mutated patients (100%, p = 0.0013). Combining MDD and N/F mutational status in a subgroup of available cases, we found a statistically significant difference in the four-year PFS for different risk groups (p = 0.0012). Overall, our results demonstrate that N/F mutational status has a more relevant prognostic value than MDD at diagnosis. However, the combination of N/F mutations with MDD analysis could identify patients with very aggressive disease, which might benefit from a more intensive treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3414156
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