We report a novel pathogenic variant (c.223G > C; p.Gly75Arg) in the gene encoding the small mitoribosomal subunit protein mS34 in a long-surviving patient with Leigh Syndrome who was genetically diagnosed at age 34 years. The patient presented with delayed motor milestones and a stepwise motor deterioration during life, along with brain MRI alterations involving the subcortical white matter, deep grey nuclei and in particular the internal globi pallidi, that appeared calcified on CT scan. The novel variant is associated with a reduction of mS34 protein levels and of the OXPHOS complex I and IV subunits in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the case. This study expands the number of variants that, by affecting the stability of the mitoribosome, may cause an OXPHOS deficiency in Leigh Syndrome and reports, for the first time, an unusual long survival in a patient with a homozygous MRPS34 pathogenic variant.

A novel MRPS34 gene mutation with combined OXPHOS deficiency in an adult patient with Leigh syndrome

Lenzini L.;Carecchio M.;Iori E.;Avogaro A.;Vitturi N.
2022

Abstract

We report a novel pathogenic variant (c.223G > C; p.Gly75Arg) in the gene encoding the small mitoribosomal subunit protein mS34 in a long-surviving patient with Leigh Syndrome who was genetically diagnosed at age 34 years. The patient presented with delayed motor milestones and a stepwise motor deterioration during life, along with brain MRI alterations involving the subcortical white matter, deep grey nuclei and in particular the internal globi pallidi, that appeared calcified on CT scan. The novel variant is associated with a reduction of mS34 protein levels and of the OXPHOS complex I and IV subunits in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the case. This study expands the number of variants that, by affecting the stability of the mitoribosome, may cause an OXPHOS deficiency in Leigh Syndrome and reports, for the first time, an unusual long survival in a patient with a homozygous MRPS34 pathogenic variant.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3415559
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