We describe adipose stromal/stem cells (ASCs) in the structural/functional context of the adipose tissue (AT) stem niche (adiponiche), including cell–cell interactions and the microenvironment, and emphasize findings obtained in humans and in lineage-tracing models. ASCs have distinctive markers, 'colors', and anatomical 'locations' which influence their functions. Each adiponiche component can become impaired, thereby contributing to the pathological AT alterations seen in obesity and metabolic diseases. We discuss adiposopathy with a focus on adiponiche dysfunction, and underline the mechanisms that control AT expansion and energy balance. Better understanding of adiponiche regulation and ASC features could help to identify therapeutic targets that favor weight loss and counteract weight regain, and also contribute to innovative strategies for regenerative medicine.

ASCs and their role in obesity and metabolic diseases

Milan G.;Conci S.;Sanna M.;Favaretto F.;Bettini S.;Vettor R.
2021

Abstract

We describe adipose stromal/stem cells (ASCs) in the structural/functional context of the adipose tissue (AT) stem niche (adiponiche), including cell–cell interactions and the microenvironment, and emphasize findings obtained in humans and in lineage-tracing models. ASCs have distinctive markers, 'colors', and anatomical 'locations' which influence their functions. Each adiponiche component can become impaired, thereby contributing to the pathological AT alterations seen in obesity and metabolic diseases. We discuss adiposopathy with a focus on adiponiche dysfunction, and underline the mechanisms that control AT expansion and energy balance. Better understanding of adiponiche regulation and ASC features could help to identify therapeutic targets that favor weight loss and counteract weight regain, and also contribute to innovative strategies for regenerative medicine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3419062
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