Introduction and objectives: SerpinB3 is a cysteine protease inhibitor involved in several biological activities. It is progressively expressed in chronic liver disease, but not in normal liver. The role in vascular reactivity of this serpin, belonging to the same family of Angiotensin II, is still unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the in vivo and in vitro effects of SerpinB3 on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics.Material and methods: Different hemodynamic parameters were evaluated by ultrasonography in two colonies of mice (transgenic for human SerpinB3 and C57BL/6J controls) at baseline and after chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treatment. In vitro SerpinB3 effect on mesenteric microvessels of 5 Wistar-Kyoto rats was analyzed measuring its direct action on: (a) preconstricted arteries, (b) dose-response curves to phenylephrine, before and after inhibition of angiotensin II type 1 receptors with irbesartan. Hearts of SerpinB3 transgenic mice and of the corresponding controls were also analyzed by morphometric assessment.Results: In SerpinB3 transgenic mice, cardiac output (51.6 +/- 21.5 vs 30.1 +/- 10.8 ml/min, p = 0.003), hepatic artery pulsatility index (0.85 +/- 0.13 vs 0.65 +/- 0.11, p < 0.001) and portal vein blood flow (5.3 +/- 3.2 vs 3.1 +/- 1.8 ml/min, p = 0.03) were significantly increased, compared to controls. In vitro, recombinant SerpinB3 had no direct hemodynamic effect on mesenteric arteries, but it increased their sensitivity to phenylephrine-mediated vasoconstriction (p < 0.01). This effect was suppressed by inhibiting angiotensin II type-1 receptors.Conclusions: In transgenic mice, SerpinB3 is associated with a hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome-like pattern, possibly mediated by angiotensin receptors. (C) 2019 Fundacion Clinica Medica Sur, A.C. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U.

Hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome in a mouse model transgenic for SerpinB3

Villano, Gianmarco;Verardo, Alberto;Martini, Andrea;Brocco, Silvia;Sacerdoti, David;Di Pascoli, Marco;Fedrigo, Marny;Castellani, Chiara;Angelini, Annalisa;Pontisso, Patrizia;Bolognesi, Massimo
2020

Abstract

Introduction and objectives: SerpinB3 is a cysteine protease inhibitor involved in several biological activities. It is progressively expressed in chronic liver disease, but not in normal liver. The role in vascular reactivity of this serpin, belonging to the same family of Angiotensin II, is still unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the in vivo and in vitro effects of SerpinB3 on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics.Material and methods: Different hemodynamic parameters were evaluated by ultrasonography in two colonies of mice (transgenic for human SerpinB3 and C57BL/6J controls) at baseline and after chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treatment. In vitro SerpinB3 effect on mesenteric microvessels of 5 Wistar-Kyoto rats was analyzed measuring its direct action on: (a) preconstricted arteries, (b) dose-response curves to phenylephrine, before and after inhibition of angiotensin II type 1 receptors with irbesartan. Hearts of SerpinB3 transgenic mice and of the corresponding controls were also analyzed by morphometric assessment.Results: In SerpinB3 transgenic mice, cardiac output (51.6 +/- 21.5 vs 30.1 +/- 10.8 ml/min, p = 0.003), hepatic artery pulsatility index (0.85 +/- 0.13 vs 0.65 +/- 0.11, p < 0.001) and portal vein blood flow (5.3 +/- 3.2 vs 3.1 +/- 1.8 ml/min, p = 0.03) were significantly increased, compared to controls. In vitro, recombinant SerpinB3 had no direct hemodynamic effect on mesenteric arteries, but it increased their sensitivity to phenylephrine-mediated vasoconstriction (p < 0.01). This effect was suppressed by inhibiting angiotensin II type-1 receptors.Conclusions: In transgenic mice, SerpinB3 is associated with a hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome-like pattern, possibly mediated by angiotensin receptors. (C) 2019 Fundacion Clinica Medica Sur, A.C. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3450583
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