Digital data is a basic form of research product for which citation, and the generation of credit or recognition for authors, are still not well understood. The notion of data credit has therefore recently emerged as a new measure, defined and based on data citation groundwork. Data credit is a real value representing the importance of data cited by a research entity. We can use credit to annotate data contained in a curated scientific database and then as a proxy of the significance and impact of that data in the research world. It is a method that, together with citations, helps recognize the value of data and its creators. In this paper, we explore the problem of Data Credit Distribution, the process by which credit is distributed to the database parts responsible for producing data being cited by a research entity. We adopt as use case the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology (GtoPdb), a widely-used curated scientific relational database. We focus on Select-Project-Join (SPJ) queries under bag semantics, and we define three distribution strategies based on how-provenance, responsibility, and the Shapley value. Using these distribution strategies, we show how credit can highlight frequently used database areas and how it can be used as a new bibliometric measure for data and their curators. In particular, credit rewards data and authors based on their research impact, not only on the citation count. We also show how these distribution strategies vary in their sensitivity to the role of an input tuple in the generation of the output data and reward input tuples differently.

Credit distribution in relational scientific databases

Dosso D.;Davidson S. B.;Silvello G.
2022

Abstract

Digital data is a basic form of research product for which citation, and the generation of credit or recognition for authors, are still not well understood. The notion of data credit has therefore recently emerged as a new measure, defined and based on data citation groundwork. Data credit is a real value representing the importance of data cited by a research entity. We can use credit to annotate data contained in a curated scientific database and then as a proxy of the significance and impact of that data in the research world. It is a method that, together with citations, helps recognize the value of data and its creators. In this paper, we explore the problem of Data Credit Distribution, the process by which credit is distributed to the database parts responsible for producing data being cited by a research entity. We adopt as use case the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology (GtoPdb), a widely-used curated scientific relational database. We focus on Select-Project-Join (SPJ) queries under bag semantics, and we define three distribution strategies based on how-provenance, responsibility, and the Shapley value. Using these distribution strategies, we show how credit can highlight frequently used database areas and how it can be used as a new bibliometric measure for data and their curators. In particular, credit rewards data and authors based on their research impact, not only on the citation count. We also show how these distribution strategies vary in their sensitivity to the role of an input tuple in the generation of the output data and reward input tuples differently.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3451650
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