Glyphosate will be banned from Europe by the end of 2022, but its widespread use in the last decades and its persistence in the environment require the development of novel remediation processes. In this work, a bacterial consortium was designed de novo with the aim to remove glyphosate from polluted water, supported by the oxygen produced by a microalgal species. To this goal, bioinformatics tools were employed to identify the bacterial strains from contaminated sources (Pseudomonas stutzeri; Comamonas odontotermitis; Sinomonas atrocyanea) able to express enzymes for glyphosate degradation, while the microalga Chlorella protothecoides was chosen for its known performances in wastewater treatment. To follow a bioaugmentation approach, the designed consortium was cultivated in continuous photobioreactors at increasing glyphosate concentrations, from 5 to 50 mg L-1, to boost its acclimation to the presence of the herbicide and its capacity to remove it from water. C. protothecoides tolerance to glyphosate was verified through batch experiments. Remarkably, steady state conditions were reached and the consortium was able to live as a community in the reactor. The consortium activity was validated in both synthetic and real wastewater, where glyphosate concentration was reduced by about 53% and 79%, respectively, without the detection of aminomethylphosphonic acid formation.

Design and experimental validation of an optimized microalgae-bacteria consortium for the bioremediation of glyphosate in continuous photobioreactors

Borella, Lisa
Investigation
;
Novello, Giulia
Investigation
;
Gasparotto, Matteo
Investigation
;
Renella, Giancarlo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Roverso, Marco
Investigation
;
Bogialli, Sara
Data Curation
;
Filippini, Francesco
Supervision
;
Sforza, Eleonora
Supervision
2023

Abstract

Glyphosate will be banned from Europe by the end of 2022, but its widespread use in the last decades and its persistence in the environment require the development of novel remediation processes. In this work, a bacterial consortium was designed de novo with the aim to remove glyphosate from polluted water, supported by the oxygen produced by a microalgal species. To this goal, bioinformatics tools were employed to identify the bacterial strains from contaminated sources (Pseudomonas stutzeri; Comamonas odontotermitis; Sinomonas atrocyanea) able to express enzymes for glyphosate degradation, while the microalga Chlorella protothecoides was chosen for its known performances in wastewater treatment. To follow a bioaugmentation approach, the designed consortium was cultivated in continuous photobioreactors at increasing glyphosate concentrations, from 5 to 50 mg L-1, to boost its acclimation to the presence of the herbicide and its capacity to remove it from water. C. protothecoides tolerance to glyphosate was verified through batch experiments. Remarkably, steady state conditions were reached and the consortium was able to live as a community in the reactor. The consortium activity was validated in both synthetic and real wastewater, where glyphosate concentration was reduced by about 53% and 79%, respectively, without the detection of aminomethylphosphonic acid formation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3455478
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