The properties and possible triggering mechanisms of Alfven waves in the reversed-field pinch (RFP) and circular tokamak configurations are discussed in the framework of nonlinear 3D magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) modeling. Numerical simulations are performed with the SpeCyl code (Cappello and Biskamp 1996 Nucl. Fusion) that solves the equations of the viscoresistive MHD model in cylindrical geometry. Configurations with increasing levels of complexity are analyzed. First, single-wave numerical solutions are compared with analytical ones in the simplest case of a uniform axial magnetic field: an excellent agreement is obtained for both the shear Alfven wave (SAW) and the compressional Alfven eigenmodes (CAEs). Then, tokamak and RFP configurations are studied. Phenomena such as phase mixing of SAW, resonant absorption of CAEs and the appearance of the global Alfven eigenmode are described. Finally, the fully 3D RFP case with typical sawtoothing activity is investigated, showing for the first time in nonlinear RFP simulations the excitation of Alfven waves by magnetic reconnection events. The modeling results appear to be consistent with the experimental characterization of Alfvenic activity observed in RFX-mod.

Alfven waves in reversed-field pinch and tokamak ohmic plasmas: nonlinear 3D MHD modeling and comparison with RFX-mod

Kryzhanovskyy, A;Bonfiglio, D;Cappello, S;Veranda, M;
2022

Abstract

The properties and possible triggering mechanisms of Alfven waves in the reversed-field pinch (RFP) and circular tokamak configurations are discussed in the framework of nonlinear 3D magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) modeling. Numerical simulations are performed with the SpeCyl code (Cappello and Biskamp 1996 Nucl. Fusion) that solves the equations of the viscoresistive MHD model in cylindrical geometry. Configurations with increasing levels of complexity are analyzed. First, single-wave numerical solutions are compared with analytical ones in the simplest case of a uniform axial magnetic field: an excellent agreement is obtained for both the shear Alfven wave (SAW) and the compressional Alfven eigenmodes (CAEs). Then, tokamak and RFP configurations are studied. Phenomena such as phase mixing of SAW, resonant absorption of CAEs and the appearance of the global Alfven eigenmode are described. Finally, the fully 3D RFP case with typical sawtoothing activity is investigated, showing for the first time in nonlinear RFP simulations the excitation of Alfven waves by magnetic reconnection events. The modeling results appear to be consistent with the experimental characterization of Alfvenic activity observed in RFX-mod.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3460971
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