Background: Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a rare and catastrophic clinical syndrome occurring in previously healthy patients. Aetiology is still unknown and outcome usually poor. We describe a case of myoclonic prolonged super refractory status epilepticus (P-SRSE) in FIRES in a patient admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit of Padova, Italy. Case report: A previously healthy 14-year-old girl with onset of myoclonic status epilepticus after a mild febrile illness was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of FIRES. Extensive diagnostic work-up was inconclusive. Status epilepticus and electroclinical seizures recurred every time weaning from anaesthetic agents was attempted. Eventually, a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) was implanted and cannabidiol (CBD) administered, 43 days and 70 days after P-SRSE onset, respectively. Two days after CBD introduction, status epilepticus weaned and the girl rapidly regained complete consciousness showing a brilliant and unexpected recovery. At last follow-up, 12 months later, she is 8-months seizure free on multiple antiseizure medications, has only mild neuropsychological impairment with no neurological and intellective deficit. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this represents a unique case with an extremely favourable evolution with a possible effect of the association of VNS and CBD to traditional antiseizure medications.

Myoclonic super-refractory status epilepticus with favourable evolution in a teenager with FIRES: Is the association of vagus nerve stimulation and cannabidiol effective?

Bonardi CM;Furlanis GM;Toldo I;Guarrera B;Luisi C;Nosadini M;Boniver C;Sartori S
;
Landi A
2023

Abstract

Background: Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a rare and catastrophic clinical syndrome occurring in previously healthy patients. Aetiology is still unknown and outcome usually poor. We describe a case of myoclonic prolonged super refractory status epilepticus (P-SRSE) in FIRES in a patient admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit of Padova, Italy. Case report: A previously healthy 14-year-old girl with onset of myoclonic status epilepticus after a mild febrile illness was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of FIRES. Extensive diagnostic work-up was inconclusive. Status epilepticus and electroclinical seizures recurred every time weaning from anaesthetic agents was attempted. Eventually, a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) was implanted and cannabidiol (CBD) administered, 43 days and 70 days after P-SRSE onset, respectively. Two days after CBD introduction, status epilepticus weaned and the girl rapidly regained complete consciousness showing a brilliant and unexpected recovery. At last follow-up, 12 months later, she is 8-months seizure free on multiple antiseizure medications, has only mild neuropsychological impairment with no neurological and intellective deficit. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this represents a unique case with an extremely favourable evolution with a possible effect of the association of VNS and CBD to traditional antiseizure medications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3468252
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