: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a CD30-positive lymphoma accounting for 20% of all pediatric T-cell lymphomas. Current first line treatment can cure most of ALCL patients but 10-30% of them are resistant or relapse. In this context, liquid biopsy has the potential to help clinicians in disease screening and treatment response monitoring. Small-RNA-sequencing analysis performed on plasma small-extracellular vesicles (s-EVs) from 20 pediatric anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK + ) ALCL patients at diagnosis revealed a specific miRNAs cargo in relapsed patients compared to non-relapsed, with seven miRNAs enriched in s-EVs of relapsed patients. MiR-146a-5p and miR-378a-3p showed a negative prognostic impact both in univariate and multivariate analysis, possibly representing, together with let-7 g-5p, a miRNA panel for the early identification of high-risk patients. Among them, miR-146a-5p is known to modulate tumor supporting-M2 macrophages differentiation, but the role of these cells in pediatric ALK + ALCL is still unknown. To elucidate the role of miR-146a-5p and M2 macrophages in pediatric ALCL disease, THP-1-derived macrophages were treated with s-EVs from ALK + ALCL cell lines, showing increased miR-146a-5p intracellular expression, migrating capability and M2-markers CD163 and Arginase-1 upregulation. In turn, conditioned media from M2 macrophages or miR-146a-5p-transfected THP-1 increased ALCL cells' aggressive features and were enriched in interleukin-8. Overall, these data suggest a role of miR-146a-5p in promoting macrophage infiltration and M2-like polarization in ALCL. Our findings incite further investigation on the role of M2 macrophages in ALCL aggressiveness and dissemination, also considering the novel treatment options targeting tumor associated macrophages.

MiR-146a-5p enrichment in small-extracellular vesicles of relapsed pediatric ALCL patients promotes macrophages infiltration and differentiation

Garbin, Anna;Tosato, Anna;Bortoluzzi, Stefania;Gaffo, Enrico;Pizzi, Marco;Carraro, Elisa;Biffi, Alessandra;Lovisa, Federica;Mussolin, Lara
2023

Abstract

: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a CD30-positive lymphoma accounting for 20% of all pediatric T-cell lymphomas. Current first line treatment can cure most of ALCL patients but 10-30% of them are resistant or relapse. In this context, liquid biopsy has the potential to help clinicians in disease screening and treatment response monitoring. Small-RNA-sequencing analysis performed on plasma small-extracellular vesicles (s-EVs) from 20 pediatric anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK + ) ALCL patients at diagnosis revealed a specific miRNAs cargo in relapsed patients compared to non-relapsed, with seven miRNAs enriched in s-EVs of relapsed patients. MiR-146a-5p and miR-378a-3p showed a negative prognostic impact both in univariate and multivariate analysis, possibly representing, together with let-7 g-5p, a miRNA panel for the early identification of high-risk patients. Among them, miR-146a-5p is known to modulate tumor supporting-M2 macrophages differentiation, but the role of these cells in pediatric ALK + ALCL is still unknown. To elucidate the role of miR-146a-5p and M2 macrophages in pediatric ALCL disease, THP-1-derived macrophages were treated with s-EVs from ALK + ALCL cell lines, showing increased miR-146a-5p intracellular expression, migrating capability and M2-markers CD163 and Arginase-1 upregulation. In turn, conditioned media from M2 macrophages or miR-146a-5p-transfected THP-1 increased ALCL cells' aggressive features and were enriched in interleukin-8. Overall, these data suggest a role of miR-146a-5p in promoting macrophage infiltration and M2-like polarization in ALCL. Our findings incite further investigation on the role of M2 macrophages in ALCL aggressiveness and dissemination, also considering the novel treatment options targeting tumor associated macrophages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3492603
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